(1880-1942), Russian choreographer and dancer. Born in St. Petersburg 11 (23) April 1880 and at age 9, was adopted at the St. Petersburg Theater School. In 1898, debuted at the Mariinsky Theater in the pas de quatre from the ballet Paquita, in 1902 became a teacher at the ballet school.
Overcoming the ballet tradition, Fokine
wanted to withdraw from an accepted ballet costume, stereotyped gestures and routine building seul. In ballet technique he saw no purpose but a means of expression and using the expressive music, creating unity of auditory and visual series. Fokine
introduced the principles of his screenplay on the novel Long Daphnis and Chloe in the directorate of the Imperial Theaters, but his proposed reform did not find support. First of Fokine
- the ballet Acis and Galatea (music by A. Kadlec, 1905) and Midsummer Night's Dream (the music of Mendelssohn, 1906). Followed vine (music by Anton Rubinstein, . 1906) and The Dying Swan (1907), . subsequently brought world renown choreographer, . Eunice and lively tapestry (music by N. Tcherepnin, . 1907), . Egyptian Nights (music by A. Arensky), and Les Sylphides (1908),
. In 1909, Diaghilev invited Fokine
to choreograph 'Russian season' in Paris. The result of this alliance the world has known that accompanied Fokine
until the end of his days. He made more than 70 ballets, mostly in the best theaters in Europe and America - from the St. Petersburg Mariinsky Theater to 'Vallee tietr' in New York. Russia's main work of Fokine
- Les Sylphides (better known outside of Russia under the name Les Sylphides), Carnival and Le Pavillon d'Armide. Among the productions for the 'Russian Seasons' - The Firebird and Petrushka, Stravinsky and Vision roses on the music of-M.Vebera. Fokine
died in New York on August 22, 1942. Fokine
's production today renewed the leading ballet companies in the world.
- Overview M. M. Fokin, his relatives and namesake on the site "Russia's genealogical tree."