Andrei Bely (Borois Nikolaevich Bugaev, 1880 - 1934)
The son of a professor of mathematics, he graduated from the Department of Natural Moscow University. He studied Darwin and at the same time fascinated compositions filosofof-idealists of various shades.
It has been a complex and contradictory way the ideological and artistic development. In the first stage of its ideological and artistic development he was interested in Nietzsche and Schopenhauer, philosophical ideas Vl. Solovieva, then neokantiyskimi theories Rickert, from which resolutely refused, and in 1910 became a passionate preacher antroposovskih views of the philosopher-mystic Rudolf Steiner.
. He left a great literary heritage in various genres, including three-volume memoir of the life of the first decades of the twentieth century.
. Poetry is in the works of Andrei Bely prominent
. With poems he made in the press in 1901. The first collection of his poems, "Gold in Azure" (1904) is filled with light, cheerful shades of colors, characteristic of the poet's style braided two stylistic elements, where the high is bordered with low, with serious irony.
In 1909. came the most significant poetic book A. White
- "Ashes", in commemoration of Nekrasov. Main theme - Russia. The poet himself defined the theme of the collection: "... all of the poem" Ashes "- a poem that read about the deaf, wakeless spaces of the Russian land ..."
Following came a collection of poems "Urn" (1909), completing a stage of poetic development of the poet. A. White
began working on articles, novels, memoirs, of considerable interest among the latter are: "At the turn of the century" (1930), "Turn of the Century. Memoirs "(1933)," Between Two Revolutions "(1934).