was born May 11, 1904 in Figueres, near Barcelona. As he himself says in his autobiography, The Secret Life of Salvador Dali
, written by himself (1942), his childhood was marked vivid emotional experiences, many of which predate his later ideas and visions. In 1921-1926 he studied at the Madrid Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando, where technical virtuosity achieved by copying the works of the great masters of the past.
In 1925-1928 Dali
for some time carried away by his countrymen the art of Pablo Picasso and Joan Miro, and then turned to the long interested him the Italian 'metaphysical school' of painting. In the works of this school, . especially Giorgio de Chirico and Carlo Carra, . interest in the ability of characters to produce in the minds of certain images became the basis of studies of dreams and hallucinations, . to which the artists came up with the positions of Freud's theory,
. Technical skills Dali
is perfect for recreating the atmosphere on a canvas of sleep and hallucinations.
In 1929 he moved to Paris and joined the surrealist. Being engaged in the study of the manifestations of the subconscious, Dali
tried in his works convey a vision man obsessed paranoid ideas. Playing the familiar things in an absurd situation and the most bizarre and unusual combinations, . He called his paintings 'handmade pictures', . established in accordance with the 'paranoid-critical method', . which he defines as' spontaneous method of irrational knowledge, . based on the introspective-critical association of images delirium ',
. He often used the replication method of the same images and the metamorphosis of animate beings and inanimate objects
. Daly participated in the creation of two best-known surrealist films - Un Chien Andalou (1929) and The Golden Age (1931), . set director L. Bunuel, on arrival in the U.S. in 1940, the artist created the scenery for several ballets and performances, and several series of illustrations,
. Among more recent works by Dali
- paintings on religious subjects, such as The Last Supper (1955, Washington, National Gallery). In his autobiography, he wrote the book Invisible Woman (1930), Conquest of the Irrational (1935), Hidden person (1944), Fifty secrets of magic Crafts (1948) and Dali
on modern art (1956).
In 1982, King Juan Carlos of Spain bestowed the artist the title of Marquis de Pubol. In the same year in St. Petersburg (pc. Florida) opened the Salvador Dali
Museum, which houses the world's largest collection of his works and a library of works about him and surrealism (about 2500 volumes). Dali
died in Figueres January 23, 1989 and is buried in the rotunda of his Theater-Museum.
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