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Michurin Ivan

( Architect)

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Biography Michurin Ivan
Russian architect Ivan Michurin (1700-1763) is known as the author of projects tverityanam Bishops House, the Cathedral of the Nativity of Christ Monastery and the Office of the Provincial Building in Tver.

. Born JF Michurin in Kostroma province in the family of a poor landowner
. As a teenager, showed a tendency to 'Sciences and Arts', so was sent in 1718, Mr.. training in St. Petersburg. Original scientific education in navigating the Academy of Sciences (1720-1723 gg.). After the academy was given to the students the architect Niccolo Michetti, who worked in those years in the construction of the palace in Strelna.

Among the 'retired' Peter I Michurin left in 1723, Mr.. for study in Holland. Abroad, he not only mastered the science of engineering, but also gained broad architectural knowledge. In Russia back in 1729, worked on the construction of palaces, Mr.. Petersburg. In 1731, Mr.. Michurin moved to Moscow where he began a plan of the city. Part of this plan was carried out by the architect IM Mordvinov, and after his death in 1734, Mr.. all the work was continued by Michurin. City map, engraved in 1739, received the name Michurin.

The interest of the architect to the ancient architecture, its thoroughness as a restorer at detuning appeared in 1744, Mr.. Basil's Cathedral, burnt during the great fire in 1737

Reliable products Michurina little. They belong to the Provincial Project Office in Tver, executed architect in 1738. In this early work Michurin proceeded entirely from the architecture of St. Petersburg of those years and his 'exemplary' building. The forms and articulations of the building, its decoration in the main steel structures are typical for Moscow Michurina entrenched for a long time in architecture.

. But the project of the Moscow cloth yard (1745) performed by the architect in his mature years, was quite different and identified characteristic Michurina quite modern then the organization structure of the building
. For works Michurina was characteristic combination of the classical orders of architecture with the forms of pre-Petrine.

Communication with the old Moscow architecture appears clearly in religious buildings Michurin. His works of this type include Holy Trinity church and bell tower on the Arbat (late 1730-s - 1740-e gg.) Church (1742) and bell tower (1746-1747) Zlatoust Monastery.

In 1740-1760 he. Michurin built St. Andrew's Church and the road palace in Kiev (on projects Rastrelli), as well as the Cathedral Svenska monastery near Bryansk.

. Despite the paucity of creative heritage Michurina his role in the development of Russian architecture of the XVIII century is very high
. In its activities, he used that time for new construction equipment, advanced construction and architectural and artistic methods and techniques. Thus, IF Michurin facilitated the transition from the old Russian architecture to the architecture of the new time



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