Born February 23, 1963, Russian.
In 1984 he graduated from the general economic department of the Moscow Institute of National Economy. G. V. Plekhanov, specializing in planning the national economy.
In 1987 graduated from the graduate school of the Central Economics and Mathematics Institute, USSR Academy of Sciences. Ph.D. in Economics.
. In 1987 - 90 - Researcher, Senior Researcher, Section Head of the Center of automation, analytical research and development Goskomtsen USSR.
. In 1990 joined the group Grigory Yavlinsky, has participated in developing the program "500 days"
. In July 1990 - December 1990 - Member of the State Commission of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR on economic reform.
. In December 1990, participated in the creation of the Center for Economic and Political Studies (Epicenter), becoming one of the leading staff of the Center.
. December 12, 1993, was elected to the State Duma of the first convocation.
. December 17, 1995, was elected to the new State Duma on the list of Yabloko.
. 19 December 1999 was elected to the State Duma of the third convocation