Heinz Kohut( American psychoanalyst)
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Biography Heinz Kohut
Kohut (Kohut) Heinz (3.5.1913, Vienna - 8/9/1981, Chicago) - American psychoanalyst. The only son of a rich avstroevreyskoy seme, was brilliant and versatile general education (art, foreign languages), after graduating in 1932. Deblingerskoy gymnasium in Vienna continued his education at the University of Vienna in A. Eichhorn (Doctor of Medicine, 1938). In connection with the threat of Nazism in 1939. He emigrated first to England, where some time was in a camp for displaced persons, and then in 1940. - In the U.S. (Citizen in 1945).
Further neurological and psychoanalytic (including treatment psychoanalysis) education in Chicago.
Since 1941. by 1943. Kohut - a neurologist at the University of Chicago Hospital, from 1943. by 1947. - Professor of Neurology and Psychiatry in 1947. to 1950 g. - Assistant professor of psychiatry at the University of Chicago in 1957. - Professor of Psychiatry, board member of the Chicago Institute of Psychoanalysis, in 1973. Kohut defended his doctoral dissertation at the University of Cincinnati, which read guest lectures.
. Vice President Internacyjanalnaya Psychoanalytical Association, president of the Chicago Psychoanalytic Association (1963-1964), president of the American Psychoanalytical Society (1964-1965)
. Kohut was fascinated by the personality SW. Freud sought to be not only his followers but also to become the official successor, in 1946. unleashed a fierce criticism on the P. Alexander, who quit the classical psychoanalysis and develops his theory of conformity of organic diseases types of emotional conflict.
Great influence on him had a. Freud Mr.. Hartmann, P. Kramep, K. Eissler, but without enthusiasm greeted his interpretation of Freud's work. Since 1959, Mr.. began to develop his psychological theory of 'I', . that was initiated work with patients, . had 'narcissistic disorder' (inadequate self-esteem, . internal imbalance, . difficulties of self-regulation, . loss of the meaning of life) and nepoddavavshimisya traditional psychoanalysis,
. Kohut found that the main problem in these patients is a unmet need for respect, approval and involvement of other. This led Kohut to revise psychoanalytic postulates regarding the category 'I'. In his theory of 'I' came to be regarded as reflective structure, serving as samootobrazheniya and samootnosheniya. At the same time on the structure 'I' was presented as a tense bipolar configuration, . at one pole of which are 'claim I' (the need for the rule, . the achievements), . on the other - 'idealized image of their parents' (idealized values).,
. In his work 'An analysis of the self' ( 'The Analysis of the Self, a Systematic Approach to the Psychoanalitic Treatment of Narcissistic Personality Disordes', 1971), based on careful observations suggested plan for a new psychology and psychoanalysis, self
. Created the Chicago school of psychotherapy, . in which the basis of mental disorder is not considered a conflict, . and lack of emotional warmth in early childhood, . compensate for that possible and necessary in the relations between patient and therapist (the patient must show respect and admire).,