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DOGA Yevgeny

( People's Artist of USSR)

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Biography DOGA Yevgeny
Born March 1, 1937, Mr.. at the beginning of the ritual celebration of the popular concerts "in s.Mokra, Rybnitsa area that on the left bank of the Dniester, in the picturesque north-eastern Moldavia. Father - Doga Dmitri (rod.1906 g.). Mother - Elizabeth Doga Nikiforovna (rod.1919 g.). Wife - Doga Nataliya Pavlovna (rod.1939), the engineer. Daughter - Doga Viorica E. (rod.1966 g.)

. Native village is situated in a valley, . the middle of which runs a small, . nameless rivulet, . and over the hill - the famous Codri, . forest with huge branched oaks, . maples, . ash and other vegetation, . which remained alive and exciting memory, . because it is one of the first discoveries of the world's fragile young souls,
. And who knows where the beginning of a creative rethinking of the first contact with living nature, which is able to revive all the time, surprise and to bring together all the living and reasonable. And actually, what the mind! N Is this not the very nature of insoluble and manitelnaya. The word "doga" in Latin means a variety of oak or decoration on the clothing of the nobility.

Little Zhenya liked to go with their peers and to collect spring dock for the kitchen, as in the postwar years, hungry and cold, it was a staple food along with a variety of berries. Occasionally there were also mushrooms, which my mother in a round pot and frying in sunflower oil.

I remember, and came from somewhere in the orchestra of folk music taraf, as well as a symphony orchestra from Chisinau. With him was a freak. The scene in the old country club was small, and besides, the club also wore only one name. This large symphony orchestra is partly located on the stage. But most of it, including the huge violin - on the street. Zhenya learned that this was not the violin, and double basses. They have something for a long time played, and someone in front of them all the time, threatened to stick. It was very interesting, as it was possible to play so long and that no one was dancing. Curious children stealthily approached and touched the hands of these violins, which seemed something from another world. This "other" world had some time to discover again and just graduated from a rural wife seven years.

He studied first in the music school in Chisinau on cello (1951-1955 gg.). Then, in the Conservatory (1955-1960 gg., 1960-1965.).

Secretly something thought up and down in a musical notebook. And once at a rehearsal of the orchestra Moldavian radio, where he worked in parallel with studies Eugene (1957-1962 gg.), It was his classmate and Mary offered a folk song for tomorrow's concert. Conductor of the orchestra, a former teacher of cello at the music college PI Bachinin (in the past - Pablo Bachchini - Italian, who later became Paul Ivanovitch Bachinin), suggested the young singer to sing the second song yet. When she said that she had nothing else, the cellist Eugene suddenly said that he has a song. The conductor was not even surprised and very tactfully agreed to take it tomorrow in the program. This was the first out of the "underground" and the first performance of the famous singer Maria Biesu soon. And then it was hard to determine which pays more attention to the newly composer: cello or composition. Scores particularly interested him. Orkestrovyval Khachaturian, Shostakovich, Moldovan venerable composers and semi-professionals - the young author had the huge part orkestrovochnoy and obrabotochnoy work. It was an excellent school of orchestral writing in conjunction with the study of theoretical works on his new sphere of musical creativity.

Career as a musician has prevented trouble - paralysis of the left hand - and even then Yevgeny Doga finally decided to become a professional composition. And here again the first year of the conservatory. It takes another 5 years of conservatory training with Professor S. Lobel. In addition to original compositions and study music theory, he took a full course of symphonic conducting. But with all the singing was very succinctly: the forty-minute sessions and the verdict - the natural voiceless.

In 1963, Mr.. He wrote his first string quartet, then an interval of ten years, second, third, fourth. The composer was going to write ten quartets and invite all to the premiere of the Tenth. However, after graduation graduate music composer decided to no longer write: to write music so, . as taught, . not wanted and two years would be needed, . to, . Checking himself in his, . could again write music is completely different, . Tu, . which is known and revered to this day,
. In the period of silence, a new fascination with the theory of music, the consequence was a textbook for students who have ED Doga taught, has stood for two editions.

Returned him to the composition and defined in many ways the way the composer's meeting with Emil Loteanu, Gheorghe Voda, Ion Ungureanu. He again, this time in a new capacity, he returned to the sources of folk melodies, to the fundamental of music - melody. Before that I had to try and dodekafoniyu, and other modern constructivist direction, which is clearly not occurred to Eugene mastiff on the soul. His intriguing music, able to collect a lot of listeners and would, at the same time, serious and in many different genres. He said that this is a utopian idea, but did not retreat from it began. Largest concert halls: the Palace of Congresses, . Concert hall "Russia", . Column Hall of the Union House in Moscow, . Hall "October" in St. Petersburg, . Palace "Ukraine" in Kiev, . Palace "National" in Chisinau, . Palace of Lenin in Tashkent, . - Many other prestigious concert stage with many fine singers and musicians have always been overcrowded,
. More recently, during the author's concert at the Red Cinema Center showroom in Moscow in a crowded room even had to ask the Director to free space. And about three dozen were not able to purchase tickets, all the two departments have agreed to listen to a concert, standing along the walls.

The song "My White City", written in late 1971. the verses Vl.Lazareva, was for many years a visiting card of a young composer, along with the already well-known orchestral cycle "Rhythms of the City". Lasting success came from the screen, especially after the film Emil Loteanu "Lautaro", "Queen of the Gypsies", "My Tender and gentle animal", "Anna Pavlova". Waltz from the film "My Tender and gentle animal" for more than twenty years, run anywhere, wherever possible, even in the subway or the Palace of Marriages. In addition, E. Doga many years cooperated with the filmmakers: Samson Samsonov Georgy Natanson, Alexander Pankratov, Alexander Muratov, Alexander Suriname, Alexander Proshkin, Viktor Turov and other. Evgeniy Doga has composed music for more than 200 films, . including "Jamila" (1954), . "We need a porter" (1969), . "Lautaro" (1973), . House for Seraphim "(1973), . "Queen of the Gypsies" (1976), . "Trainee" (1977), . "My tender and gentle animal" (1978), . "I want to sing" (1980), . "Spring Olympics" (1980), . Maria, . Mirabelle (1982), . "Portrait of the Artist's Wife" (1982), . "The Eighth Wonder of the World" (1982), . "Anna Pavlova" (1983), . "Lonely granted residence" (1984), . "Dancing" (1985), . "Casino" (1992), . "Gentlemen actors" (1992), . "On the Murom track" (1993), . "Black List" (1993), . "Shocker" (1995), . "Sinful Apostles of Love" (1995), . "Black Veil" (1995), . "Temptation" (1996). Classics became music for the film Jonah Ponesku-Gopo Maria Mirabela ",

Along with film music composer wrote the music for dramatic plays, dramas, radio and children's audience. Lasted 10 years, cooperation with child over the editorship of the Central TV series "This is a fantastic world" on the pages of science fiction writers R. Bradbury, A. Tolstoy, N. Hikmet and other. A significant event in the life of E. Doga has been writing music opening and closing Olympics-80 in Moscow, as well as his first ballet "Luctafarul" in 1982, for which he was awarded the USSR State Prize. And in 1991. at the International Festival of music films in Brno composer was awarded the Grand Prix for his significant contribution to film music

. First Symphony the composer has not found its continuation, . For a popular songwriter and film composer did not fit in a cohort of "serious" masters, . Although he had written a symphony (1969), . ballets "Luciafarul" and "Venancia" (1963, . 1973.), . 4 string quartet (1983, . 1993.), . cantata "White Rainbow" (the verses E. Loteanu), . "Spring of mankind" (on poems by A. Strymbyanu), . "The human voice" (in verse R. Rozhdestvensky), . "Heart of the century" (the verses I. Podolyanu), . two Requiem (1969,
. - Without words, 1994. - Based on poems by A. Pushkin), . two symphonic overture, . nine choruses and the verses Em.Bukova capella, . two choruses a capella on verses M. Eminescu, . several pieces for violin, . cello, . Flute, . Accordion, . Piano constitute a solid balance "not serious" genres,
. From written several hundred songs on the poetry of contemporary and classic authors, . among them: "I dream of rain" on the verses Vl.Lazareva, . Maria Mirabela "on verses Gr.Vieru, . "Now is Love" verses Vl.Lazareva, . "Everything begins with love" on poems by A. Dementieva, . only a small number of published 9 collections,
. Of the dozens of songs for children on poetry Gr.Vieru, N. Stozhkovoy, A. Tolstoy published units, the rest sound only in movies such as "Maria, Mirabella", with a concert stage or in children's groups. For children's performer and composer has written numerous instrumental pieces, including "Skripunella", "Joy", "Together," "Sonnet" and others. In 1962-1963. E. Doga taught in one of Chisinau music schools, and in 1963-1967, Mr.. - Music theory musical school in Chisinau today for several years, he collects kids 6-7 years from his home in Krylatskom in ensemble Krylatsky gnats ". They acted in children's programs on television, in the Hall of Columns, the House of Journalists, the House of Composers .... Since 1971. - In the free art. E. Doga and now tries to keep his work at least part of the huge, once the spiritual space, collaborating with many artists from different countries

. ED Doga - winner of many domestic and foreign titles and awards: People's Artist of the USSR (1987), . People's Artist of Moldova (1984), . Honored Artist of Moldova (1974), . USSR State Prize laureate for the music of the ballet "Luceafarul" music and movie (1984), . winner of Grand Prix International Festival of music films "Brno-91" for special achievements in the field of film music (1991), . Officer of the Order of the Republic of Moldova (1997), . Gold Medal "Man-2000 (USA),

In 1991. elected a member of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova is a member of the Composers Union of Moldova (since 1961) and the USSR (1974), a member of the Union of Cinematographers of the USSR (since 1975). From 1967 to 1972. repertoire, was a member of the editorial board of the Ministry of Culture of Moldova. Two consisted of convening the Supreme Council of Moldova, two - the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. As Vice President of the Commission on the Arts, participated in the drafting of the Law on Intellectual Property ", which by only 6 votes had been blocked.

In his spare time Yevgeny loves tinkering - from radios to the detector design house. At a homemade mandolin playing from the grid at the wedding.

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DOGA Yevgeny, photo, biography
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