Juan Carlos I (Juan Carlos de Bourbon)( King of Spain since 1975)
Comments for Juan Carlos I (Juan Carlos de Bourbon)
Biography Juan Carlos I (Juan Carlos de Bourbon)
When the dictator F. Franco died in 1975, with the entry of Juan Carlos I to the throne of Spain became a monarchy again. The transfer of power began in October 1975, when the future King took up the post of Head of State during the last illness Franco.
Juan Carlos was born on January 5, 1938 in Rome, where his parents, Don Juan, Count of Barcelona, and Dona Maria of Bourbon Orleans Las Mercedes, lived in exile. He - the grandson of King Alfonso XIII, who was forced to live in exile since 1931. Later, the family of the future king perezzhaet in Lausanne, in Switzerland and then in Portugal, Estoril.
In 1947, the leader of Spain's Francisco Franco announced that Spain became a kingdom, and that Juan Carlos would become king. In July 1969, the Spanish Cortes (parliament) announced Prince Juan Carlos of Spain, and took his oath as the future king. Since that time, Juan Carlos played a ceremonial role in government on behalf of Franco until the dictator's death.
Juan Carlos received an excellent education with special attention to military specialties. He attended the Institute of San Isidro in Madrid, the Naval College and the Higher Military Academy in Zaragoza. Juan Carlos was promoted to lieutenant in 1957. He also studied at the Naval Academy in 1957 and 1958 and the Aviation Academy in 1959, while combining military training with general education at the University of Madrid.
In May 1962, Juan Carlos married Princess Sofia, the daughter of King Paul of Greece and Queen Frederika. In the Spanish royal couple's three children - two daughters and a son Felipe, heir to the throne.
Juan Carlos was sworn in as the king in 22 November 1975, two days after Franco's death. As king, he has more power than other European constitutional monarchy, he - the head of the armed forces of Spain and has a right to influence the political life of the country.
With its accession to the throne of Juan Carlos proclaimed policy of building in Spain, free and democratic society.