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Biography ABRAMOV James V.
Born in 1858 in Stavropol, Caucasus, in the middle class family. He studied at the Medico-Surgical Academy, which in 1878 was forced to leave; attracted to "the cause of the dissemination of criminal content of the books, he was expelled from St. Petersburg. Returning to St. Petersburg, A. placed in 1881 in "Word" two of the story: "Among the sectarians" and "Burgher thinker". In the same year a. takes the number of employees Fatherland Notes', which actively works to their closure in 1884. Here, put his stories ( "Grandma-general's", . "Seeker of the truth", . How melentevtsy searched for Will), . Articles sectarians ( "Program questions to gather information about sectarians", . "Dukhobors") and articles on socio-economic ( "From the factory of the world", . City and burgers ", . "Some features of our land relations", . "Farm Credit" and others), . as well as many critical reviews in the bibliography section,
. In 1884, a. conducted some time "Internal Review" in "Notes of the Fatherland". In 1882, he took a close interest in "common sense" SA. Vengerov where to put the stories, "internal reviews, and reviews. In 1882 - 84 years A. collaborated in the "case". After the closure of Fatherland Notes' A. entered the statistical office of the St. Petersburg rural council and worked on the statistical description Shlisselbourg counties and St. Petersburg (3 v., 1884 - 86). Since 1885 A. becoming an active member of the Northern Herald, maintain a permanent office - "Out of the provincial press," puts the number of articles and a lot of work: "The needs, desires and aspirations of the classes in the era of Catherine's Commission" (1886). Since mid-1880 A. begin an active work in the "Week" and became one of the main exponents of the flow, which by its name is often called "Abramovism". A Sermon. and his associates in the "Week" a characteristic of his time phenomenon. 80-ies - the era of the darkest reaction; public expectations, excited 60-mi for years, were defeated, the public lost faith in their implementation; captivated the minds of the theory of Tolstoy - "non-resistance to evil". "Week" in mid-1870's made a very one-sided preaching populism, . saying, . that intellectuals should accept "the world outlook of the village", . learn "the truth guy", . which is above the intelligentsia in the moral sense, . that she has no right to impose their ideas to the people, . their social forms,
. These thoughts are especially vigorously pursued Hughes-Kablits. Moving away from the radical populism "Fatherland Notes and adhered to the" Week ", A. begins prove, . that society needs to leave any attempt to "big business", . to recreate the social order, it should focus all its attention and energies on "small things", . the "quiet cultural work" - to keep teachers, . country doctor, . fight against the kulaks, etc.,
. This doctrine, coinciding with the mood of society, disillusioned, lost faith in the possibility of the "big things", was a success. Radical elements led a hot fight with the "Week", especially hard fought NV. Shelgunov on the pages of Russian Thought. In addition to these publications is, A. collaborated in the 80-ies in the "Observer", "Children's Reading", "Russian Courier", "Moscow Telegraph", "Terek", "Tiflis Gazette" and "New Review". In 1887 A. released "Country Calendar", and in 1889 - "What made the district council, and what it does". With the change of public sentiment in the 90's, when society once again recognizes the need to recreate the social order, A. loses meaning, . writers of his energy waning, . he gradually moves away from journalism, . focuses on issues of public education ( "Private Women's Sunday School in Kharkov and Sunday schools in general", . Petersburg., . 1897; Our Sunday School,
. Their Past and Present ", St. Petersburg., 1900), is popular books (" The latest advances of knowledge ", St. Petersburg., 1890;" Popular Law Library, 10 no., 1896 - 98 "Two great Frenchman: Louis Pasteur and Jean LESAs ", St. Petersburg., 1897;" Singer anguish. Guy de Maupassant ", St. Petersburg., 1897;" In memory of Belinsky, St. Petersburg., 1898; "Microscopic friends and enemies of humanity", St. Petersburg., 1898; a number of biographies - VN. Karazin, Columbus, Stanley, Franklin, Faraday, Pestalozzi, Stephenson and Fulton - in the "Biographical Library" Pavlenkova). In recent years, a life. collaborated in the "Russian School" and other publications. He died in 1906, completely forgotten. - See. A biography. in "critical-biographical dictionary, SA. Vengerov (t. I, 1889); Shelgunov, "Sketches of Russian life" (St. Petersburg, 1895). A. Fomin.

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