Bardina Sophia Illarionovna( One of the famous activist populist movement)
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Biography Bardina Sophia Illarionovna
Coming from a noble family (born in 1853) and graduated from the institute, B. went for further education in Zurich, where he joined to the women's circle, which in 1877 brought almost completely before the court during the so-called Moscow's "process of fifty". Returning to Russia, B. Received a simple worker in a factory Lazarev in Moscow, where he took the propaganda among the workers. During this promotion, after two years of pre-trial detention, B. and had tried a special presence of the Government of the Senate. At trial, she said it, . which claimed, . that it is "peaceful propagandist", . that such propaganda is quite openly throughout the cultural world, and anyone "not surprised his radicalism", . it, . B., . is not an enemy of the family, . Property and the State, . as in this case is trying to convince the judges of the Prosecutor's Office, . and seeks only to, . that these institutions have been reformed in a more equitable basis ..,
. "I beg your mercy, . I do not want it, . - Says B., . - I am convinced, . that one day, . when even our sleepy and lazy society wakes, . and he will be ashamed, . that it was so long allowed ourselves with impunity trample underfoot, . wrest back their own brothers, . sisters and daughters and destroy them for only one confession of their beliefs free,
. Haunt us - for you until the material force, gentlemen, but for us the moral strength, the force of historical progress, the power of ideas, but ideas - alas! - On the bayonets are not captured ". This speech made a tremendous impression, . much talk about it, . She has repeatedly issued abroad Polonsky she was inspired to create his "prisoner" ( "What I like it - not his wife, . not mistress, . and do not own me dochN So why is its share of severe sleep does not give me all nochN and T,
. etc.). B. was sentenced to ten years of hard labor, but at this confirmation sentence was commuted to exile in Siberia. Friends arranged B. Escape from Mr.. Ishima (Tobolsk Province), she again appeared in Russia, but felt that its forces had disrupted. She went abroad, but the same state of mind did not leave her there, and in April 1883, she shot herself in Geneva. She devoted published in St. Petersburg in 1906 brochure: "Sophia Illarionovna B.". On the process B. and her friends the most detailed information see. the memoirs IS. Dzhabadari, "Process 50" ( "All-Russia Social-Revolutionary Organization") in the "Past", in 1907 (N 8, 9, 10). - Wed. Stepniak, Underground Russia ", edition of" Torch "(St. Petersburg, 1907). V. B-s.