Beklemishev Ivan Nikitich( One of the foremost diplomats and leaders in the reign of Ivan III and Vasily III.)
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Biography Beklemishev Ivan Nikitich
nicknamed Bersenyev (which means gooseberry), one of the prominent diplomats and leaders in the reign of Ivan III and Vasily III. Under Ivan III B. performed a series of important diplomatic assignments. Thus, in 1490, Mr.. B. a police officer at germanskom after Delator, came to Moscow from the Emperor Maximilian, to seek the hand of Ivan III's daughter and an alliance with him against the Polish king. Two years later, B. was sent ambassador to Casimir IV; and in 1502, Mr.. negotiated with Mengli-Girei, Crimean khan. B. highly respected by Ivan III and influence at court and in the Boyar Duma. To his intercession before the grand duke accessed even disgraced princes (Vasily Mikhailovich, Prince Vereisky). When Basil same B. gradually began to fall out of favor as a man distinguished by a sharp temper and he considered the right of the Council has the prerogative of the nobility. B major clash. with the Grand Duke of Lithuania took place during the war. B. ventured into conflict with the Duma and the Grand Duke received in reply: "Go, serf, away, do not Thou hath need of mi!" Then B. located at a distance from the court and the cases. Dissatisfaction disgraced dumets expressed Maxim the Greek in intimate conversations (Maxim generally there were representatives boyar opposition at the time). About conversations B. with Maxim heard at court, and B. was brought to the cause of Maxim. It ended for B. death penalty (1525). From the evidence of the case shows that B. was the representative of the conservative opposition, defending against Vasily III and the new people around him the right of the old nobility, especially the right of the "council", t. e. fact, the right of active participation in the management. B. Ivan III praises for what he loved "meeting", t. e. objections, and condemns Basil dislike for "meeting" for "nesovetie", "arrogancy", for "stubbornness" and for that he "rearranges the customs," "locked himself in the third bed, making all sorts of things". By B. "better to keep the old customs, old people's favor and read". Dissatisfied B. and Metropolitan flatterer of the Grand Duke. These features justify the time and the emperor in the eyes of B. his view that "now there is no truth to the people", and implied, though not directly expressed by them, the thought that even God does not exist in Moscow. Explains B. sad for him a change of customs appearance Sophia Palaeologus and the Greek. The bright feature views of the B. Klyuchevsky given in "Course" (Lecture 28-I). Case B. published in "acts of Michael. Exp., T. I, N 272.