Larin Pyotr Danilovich( The well-known philanthropist)
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Biography Larin Pyotr Danilovich
(1735 - 1778). The son of a peasant village Lyubuchi Zaraiskiy County Ryazan province, a child was a shepherd, then a servant in the tavern, where attracted the attention of control drinking charges, who took him to a cashier. Get Rich, Larin took potatory relegated to the city of Arkhangelsk and conducted an extensive trade in fish, hemp and bread, sending the goods to England, was frequently in London. To celebrate the birthday of Grand Duke Alexander Pavlovich (1777) Larin decided to create in his native village a model school, something like a commercial academy. Draft device schools like Catherine II, which in nominal decree of 12 March 1778, Mr.. recognized the outlines of these "for good". But in the same year Larin died. Only 40 years later realized the assumed Larin popular school and not in the form, as suggested by Larin and approved Catherine II. Left school for the device 50 thousand rubles were kidnapped nephew of Madame Larina and got to the merchant Barukovu. As many as 17 years, lasted about their business, and finally, . Highest was commanded stolen money with accrued interest to recover from the guilty, . including members of the board of trustees, . inadvertently have been granted money from the treasury of the Moscow-preserved,
. Meanwhile, the peasants of the village Lyubuchi, except for 40 people, from the court administration passed into the possession of Lieutenant-General Izmailov. Senate, . the consideration of which passed the case on the establishment of Lyubuchah School, . Larina identified money as they refer to the recovery of philanthropic and charitable institutions of the order of public charity Ryazan province, . or give this capital to the Ministry of Education for use for the same purpose, . "Where would meet for the",
. Last assumption has been approved by the Highest, and thus the Ministry of Education was formed Larin capital, finally recovered to 1817 g. and increased to 700 thousand rubles. From this capital on the device lyubuchskogo College and the Bank released only 52 thousand rubles. The school opened in 1819, the bank - in 1820, Mr.. (with fixed capital of 40 thousand. rubles). In 1884, Mr.. open women's division for the coming school girls. The remaining money Larin built in 1828 - 1835 years: halls of the Imperial Public Library, which cost 127 thousand rubles (one of the library hall, Emperor Nicholas I ordered Larin to call, here is the portrait of Madame Larina), and in 1836, Mr.. - Larin gymnasium (in Petrograd, on Vasilevsky Island, the account opening - four). From the same amount of capital is released for a building Richelieu lyceum, a gymnasium, Odessa. Biographies Larina. - K.L. Bolkhov (Journal of the Ministry of National Education ", 1861, No. 2) and VV. Stasova ( "Old and New Russia", 1876), "The fiftieth anniversary of the Larin school (St. Petersburg, 1886; annex biographical sketch). A. Yatsimirskiе? "Forgotten Peasant draft XVIII in. on the basis of commercial school in the Russian village "(" Pedagogical Thought ", 1904, II); his" From the history of business education in Russia "(Journal of business education", 1905, II).