Jules Hardouin Mansart (Hardouin-Mansart Jules)( French architect and town planner Classical period)
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Biography Jules Hardouin Mansart (Hardouin-Mansart Jules)
Born in Paris on April 16, 1646. Studied with his great-uncle Franцїois Mansart, attached his name to his. In 1675 Louis XIV appointed Hardouin-Mansart court architect. His first order was the rearrangement of the castle of Saint-Germain. In 1678 he directed the work at Versailles, where they were created Royal Chapel (1689-1710), Grand Trianon (1687), the famous Mirror Gallery and Orangery. The largest of his work - Cathedral Invalides in Paris (1680-1706). The dome of the cathedral is considered one of the most advanced facilities of French classicism. Hardouin-Mansart was also the author of two project areas of Paris - Place Vendome (1685-1701) and Victory Square (1685-1686). Together with J. Bofranom he built a cathedral in Nancy (begun in 1703). The end of life Hardouin Mansart remained a favorite of Louis XVI. In 1685 he became 'the first architect of the king', and in 1699 - chief inspector of the royal building works. Died Hardouin-Mansart in Marly, near Paris, May 11, 1708.