Leonard Bernstein (Bernstein Leonard)( American conductor, composer, educator.)
Comments for Leonard Bernstein (Bernstein Leonard)
Biography Leonard Bernstein (Bernstein Leonard)
Born August 25, 1918 in Lawrence (pc. Mass.). He graduated from Harvard University (1939) and the Curtis Institute of Music (1941), perfected in the art of conducting with Serge Koussevitzky and was his assistant at a music festival in Tanglvude in 1942. Occupying in 1943-1944 as assistant conductor of the symphony orchestra of the New York Philharmonic, . Bernstein, . youngest of the conductors, . worked with the orchestra, . attracted worldwide attention, . glossy replacing the venerable Bruno Walter at a concert on Nov. 14, 1943,
. He played with the New York Symphony Orchestra (1943-1947), the Palestinian Jewish Symphony Orchestra (1947) and with the New York Philharmonic (1949-1950).
As a composer, Bernstein and paid tribute to the classics, and modern. In 1944 he wrote the music for the ballet Nevlyublyayuschiysya (Fancy Free); later on this basis was established musical dismissal of the city (On the Town). Among 'Broadway' writings Bernstein - musicals Peter Pan (Peter Pan, . 1950), . Wonderful Town (Wonderful Town, . 1953), . Candide (Candide, . 1956), . West Side Story (West Side Story, . 1957; there is a popular film version of the musical), . and Mass (Mass, . 1971), . theatrical performance with singing and ballet,
. By the classical genre in the works of composer belong, . particularly, . First Symphony Jeremiah (Jeremiah, . 1942), . Second Symphony Century alarms (The Age of Anxiety, . 1949); Unrest in Tahiti, opera (Trouble in Tahiti, . 1952) and quiet place (A Quiet Place; premiere final form - in 1984); third symphony Kaddish (Kaddiss, . 1963), . Chichester Psalms for chorus and orchestra (Chichester Psalms, . 1965),
. Among the literary works of Bernstein - The Joy of Music books (The Joy of Music, 1959) and the infinite variety of music (The Infinite Variety of Music, 1966).
Bernstein died in New York on October 14, 1990.