Brunel Marc Izambar (Brunel Marc Isambard)( English inventor.)
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Biography Brunel Marc Izambar (Brunel Marc Isambard)
Born April 25, 1769 in Akvilд≈ (Normandy, France). In 1786 joined the French Navy and served in the West Indies. In France, back in 1792, in the midst of revolution, as a staunch royalist was forced to emigrate to the U.S.. He worked as a civil engineer, in 1796 became chief engineer of New York, but soon left for England. He tried to interest the British government project mechanization in the construction of ships on the stocks. This project, which radically change the technology of a fixture blocks, was implemented in 1806 at a shipyard in Portsmouth. Later Brunel invented a few drunk-driven, knitting machine to knit stockings, machine for copying drawings, nail machine. Engaged in design of bridges and overpasses. In 1824 the company was founded to build on its draft of the first tunnel under the Thames. The works were completed only in 1843, as the water repeatedly broke through into the tunnel. Thus was the first underwater overpass 365 meters in length, which connected the left-and right-bank areas of London. In 1841 Brunel was awarded a title of nobility. Brunel died in London on December 12, 1849.