CARTWRIGHT, Edmund (Cartwright Edmund)( English inventor.)
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Biography CARTWRIGHT, Edmund (Cartwright Edmund)
Born April 24, 1743 in Marneme (Nottinghamshire County). In 1766 he graduated from Oxford University, receiving a Master of Arts. In 1784, met with British entrepreneur R. Arkwright. In 1785, Cartwright received a patent on the loom with treadle drive and built in Yorkshire, spinning and weaving mill for 20 machines. In 1789, patented a machine for combing wool in 1792 - machine for vitya cords and ropes, and in 1797 built the engine on alcohol. In 1807 the British Parliament has sent a memorandum to the government, stating that the invention Cartwright helped to raise the welfare of the country. In 1809 the House of Commons voted to award him the monetary award of 10 thousand. pounds, after which he retired from business and settled on a small farm in the village near the town Sevenoks Hollander in Kent, where he focused on the improvement of agricultural machines. Cartwright died in Hastings (Sussex County) October 30, 1823.