Mark Fabius Quintilian (Marcus Fabius Quintilianus)( The Roman orator and teacher)
Comments for Mark Fabius Quintilian (Marcus Fabius Quintilianus)
Biography Mark Fabius Quintilian (Marcus Fabius Quintilianus)
(ca. 35 - OK. 97)
Born in Kalagure (sovr. Calahorra, Spain). Having received his early education in Rome, in 61 Quintilian returned to Spain, but in 68 the emperor Galba, a former governor in Spain, summoned him to Rome. It became a teacher of rhetoric Quintilian, when Vespasian appointed him to pay. He had many outstanding students, including Pliny the Younger, and two great-nephews of Domitian. About 88 Quintilian stopped teaching and speeches in the courts, devoting himself to drawing up the Treaty of Education orator (Institutio oratoria) in 12 books. At the end of his life he had to endure heavy drama: his dead wife and two young sons. In his treatise was considered not only learning the art of eloquence, but all that contributes to the comprehensive education of man, because, according to Quintilian, only a man can become a speaker. The contents of the treatise on the books is this: in the book, I considered the initial training of the child, in II - training with conductor; Books III-VII are devoted to inventio and dispositio (identification and distribution of materials), books VIII-XI describe elocutio (style) and memoria (memorization) ; in Quintilian XII book paints a portrait of the perfect speaker,
. While many of the affected Kvintilianom technical aspects of rhetoric is now almost lost value, clear style, common sense and an abundance of examples give his work a lively. Particularly interesting books I, X and XII. In the book I Quintilian stresses the responsibility of parents for the upbringing of the child, the importance of choosing caregivers and educators need to encourage good habits and teach not only Latin but also Greek and to feed children's minds. Quintilian points out the advantage to home schooling, is the availability of the date of competition, suggests that teachers need special tact and acuteness of perception, considering the problems of discipline and the role of play and recreation. In the tenth book of Quintilian considers the range of reading, which should constitute the bulk of the preparation of the speaker. In this cursory and at the same time, a fairly complete survey of Greek and Roman literature Quintilian expresses the set of judgments, which have stood the test of time. In the XII book, he insists that the speaker can only be a moralist and well-educated person.