George Curzon (Curzon George)( British statesman, Viceroy of India.)
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Biography George Curzon (Curzon George)
Born January 11, 1859 in Kedlstone (Derbyshire). He studied at Eton and Oxford University. In 1886 he was elected to parliament on the list of conservatives. In 1891 and 1892 - Deputy Minister of India, in 1895 - Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs. In periods when Lord Curzon did not hold public office, he traveled to Asia. Written several books - travel writing and research (Russia in Central Asia, 1889; Persia and the Persian question, 1892, Problems of the Far East, 1894).
In 1898 Curzon was appointed Viceroy of India and received the title of Baron Curzon Kedlstonskogo. As Vice-King undertook tax reform, paid much attention to the issue of preserving ancient Indian monuments. Thanks Curzon was saved from destruction and restored the Taj Mahal.
In 1905, after the conflict with Lord Kitchener, Lord Curzon resigned. On his return from India took place in the House of Lords and the post of rector of the University of Oxford, in 1915 entered into a coalition cabinet H. Asquith. When Lloyd George became Lord President of the Privy Council, and then one of the four ministers of the War Cabinet. In 1919 was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs and remained in that position at B. Lowe and S. Baldwin, until 1924.
Curzon was involved in the negotiations ended with the conclusion of the Lausanne Treaty. Thanks to his efforts was established Dawes Committee on Reparations. In 1921 Curzon was awarded the title of Marquis.
In 1923, Lowe resigned as Prime Minister. Curzon was convinced that takes over as prime minister, but George V stayed on the candidature of Stanley Baldwin. Curzon died in London on March 20, 1925.