Gustave Le Bon (Le Bon Gustave)( French psychologist.)
Comments for Gustave Le Bon (Le Bon Gustave)
Biography Gustave Le Bon (Le Bon Gustave)
Born in Nozhai-le-Rotrou May 7, 1841. In his work Psychological laws of evolution of peoples (Les Lois psychologiques de l'volution des peuples, 1894) concluded that the fate of mankind is not solved with the help of the institutions created by the will of man, but through the general consciousness of the peoples. This theme was continued in the Psychology of Revolution (La rvolution franaise et la psychologie des rvolutions, 1912) and grounded theory expounded in numerous editions of his work Psychology of the crowd (La psychologie des foules, 1895). The consciousness of the crowd, according to Le Bon, is subject to impulses and emotions, which are distributed in it like a virus: the grip of a crowd of ideas can not be stopped. It is the emotions and the driving force of social evolution. Lebon attached great importance to the religions, considering them an essential element of any culture. He believed that every nation has its invisible soul, as expressed in his life, art and public institutions. Lebon died in Marne-la-Koket near Paris, December 13, 1931.