Joan Miro (Miro Joan)( Spanish painter)
Comments for Joan Miro (Miro Joan)
Biography Joan Miro (Miro Joan)
Born April 20, 1893 in Barcelona. He studied in Barcelona: in 1907-1910 at the Higher School of Fine Arts of San Jorge, and in 1912 - at the Art School Ghali. In 1919 Miro traveled to Paris, where he joined the Dadaists. In 1924 it signed the first Surrealist Manifesto, together with A. Breton, P. Eluard, and others, and in 1925 exhibited his work in conjunction with the surrealists in their first exhibition. Soon, according to the critic Bernard Dorivalya, it was seen as 'the best and probably the only truly great artist of the group'. In 1940, after the fall of Paris, he returned to Spain, but soon moved to Palma on o.Mayorka. In 1944 MirцЁ for the first visit to the United States, where he was strongly influenced by American abstract art. In 1958, the international art the Guggenheim Foundation awarded him the Grand Prix of 10 000 dollars for two large wall displays - Day and Night for the UNESCO building in Paris. MirцЁ died in Palma in Mallorca on Dec. 25, 1983.
The art critic James Johnson Sweeney described as the core features of creativity Miro joy, sunshine, health, color, humor and rhythm. Combining abstract and partially recognizable forms, he finds inspiration in memories, dreams and fantasies. The wealth of imagination and spontaneity of creativity characteristic of such works by the artist, . as Fermat (1922, . Havana, . Hemingway Collection), . Dog, . barking at the moon (1926, . Philadelphia, . Museum of Art), Woman and kite among the constellations (1939, . NY, . Collection Helm),
Miro is also known for his book illustrations, prints, tapestries, painted ceramics and sketches of ballet productions.