Florence Nightingale (Nightingale Florence)( Cestra charity and public figure Britain.)
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Biography Florence Nightingale (Nightingale Florence)
Born May 12, 1820 in Florence. From 1837 to 1839 traveled with his parents to Europe. In 1849 visited the Institute for deaconesses in Kayzerverte (Germany) and returned to England with the firm intention to become a nurse. In 1853 began managing a small private hospital in Harley Street in London.
In October 1854, during the Crimean War, Florence, along with 38 assistants, among whom were nuns and nurses, went to the field hospitals, first in Scutari (Turkey), and then in the Crimea. Consistently promote the principles of sanitation and care for the wounded. As a result, less than six months, the death rate in hospitals has declined from 42 to 2,2%.
Upon his return to England in 1856, Nightingale was asked to reorganize the army medical service. In 1857 the Government allocated funds for the organization of the commission to implement the necessary reforms. In 1859 the Minister of War once again became Herbert, . with his help succeeded in Nightingale, . that hospitals were equipped with ventilation systems and sanitation; hospital staff in compliance with the necessary training; in hospitals conducted a rigorous statistical treatment of all information,
. It was organized by the Military Medical School, the army conducted outreach on the importance of disease prevention
. Nightingale has written several books - Notes on the factors, . affect health, . efficiency and management of hospitals in the British Army (Notes on Matters Affecting the Health, . Efficiency and Hospital Administration of the British Army, . 1858) and how to care for the sick (Notes on Nursing: What It Is and What It Is Not, . 1860),
During the war, Nightingale was able to collect subscription large sum of money, which in 1860 was organized by the world's first school of nurses at the hospital Sv. Thomas in London. Soon graduates of this school have begun to create similar facilities at other hospitals.
In 1883 Nightingale was awarded the Royal Red Cross, and in 1907 - the Order of Merit. Nightingale died in London on August 13, 1910.