Edwin Arlington Robinson (Robinson Edwin Arlington)( American poet.)
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Biography Edwin Arlington Robinson (Robinson Edwin Arlington)
Born December 22, 1869 in Head-Tide (pc. Man). Robinson's childhood passed in Gardiner (pc. Man) (described in his poems under the name of Tilbury Town). For two years he studied at Harvard University, but was forced to interrupt their studies due to lack of funds. The first book in Robinson's downpour and the night before (The Torrent and the Night Before) was published in 1896. Containing a wonderful poetry collection Children of the Night (The Children of the Night, 1897) was barely seen, but later it included poems from many anthologies. One of the grateful readers of the book, President Theodore Roosevelt, helped Robinson get a position on the New York route.
The town down the river (The Town Down the River, 1910) includes a number of ironic poems, portraits, like Miniver Chevy, but this recognition from the critics, Robinson received after the book Man against the sky (Man Against the Sky, 1916). Behind it followed a series of large narrative poems on subjects Arturovskih legend - Merlin (Merlin, . 1917), . Lancelot (Lancelot, . 1920), . Tristram (Tristram, . 1927), . brought Robinson in 1928, the third Pulitzer Prize (the first two - 1922 and 1925) and known by the general public,
. Among them Evonskaya harvest (Avon's Harvest, 1921), Dionysus in doubt (Dionisius in Doubt, 1925), House Kevendera (Cavender's House, 1929), on the threshold of Mathias (Matthias at the Door, 1931). Robinson died in New York on April 6, 1935.
In many short poems, portraits, Robinson describes the failures and the weak people, by the end of life are frustrated and depressed. Similarly, in the poems on the subjects Arturovskie Merlin and Lancelot convinced that they can not afford to cope with adverse circumstances, to concede defeat and leave Camelot. However, Robinson was neither a pessimist nor a fatalist. He believed that people, no matter how difficult the situation or put his life, has a moral responsibility for his actions; darkness enveloped the world, retreat ahead of us waiting for the light. As Merlin and Lancelot (written during and immediately after World War, . when Robinson appeared, . that collapses the entire Western civilization), the reader is painting decay and collapse of the old order in the kingdom of Arthur, . but the Holy Grail promises a new ideal.,