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ROGERS Charles (Rogers Carl)

( American psychologist and educator.)

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Biography ROGERS Charles (Rogers Carl)
Born in Oak Park (pc. Illinois), January 8, 1902. He studied at the University of Wisconsin, preparing for a career of a priest in the United Theological Seminary in New York. In the seminary, became interested in psychology and enrolled in the Teachers College of Columbia University. In 1928 received a master's degree in psychology, and in 1931 - a doctorate.
Originally, Rogers was interested in the problem of child psychology, which is reflected in his book Clinical work with problem children (The Clinical Treatment of the Problem Child, 1939). Later, the interests of the scientist moved to the psychotherapy and the development of an approach known as 'non-directive counseling' and described in the work caused controversy Counseling and Psychotherapy (Counseling and Psychotherapy, 1942). Rogers argued that the 'client' (he used that word instead of the word 'patient') knows better than anyone else, what is his problem, and together with the consultant can itself find a solution. Consultant does not direct, does not give advice, or interpret, not praise, does not express disapproval, does not put forward proposals. The main technique used to them - 'reflection of feelings': every time a client says, the reaction of the consultant is to report to the client, as he understands it a thought or feeling. With a psychological mirror the customer better understand their own problems.

Rodgers concluded, debated in the client-centered therapy (Client-Centered Therapy, 1952), that the installation of a consultant is more important than his technique. Conditions necessary for 'psychotherapeutic personality change', are created, if the consultant is able to demonstrate the three essential qualities: 'congruence', ie. authenticity, reality, freedom from the facade; 'empathy', ie. understanding of the world, as seen by the client and the opportunity to bring this understanding to the client, and 'unconditional positive attitude', ie. recognition of the customer's identity and respect for him, regardless of its problems or the degree of antisocial

. Books Rogers Psychotherapy and personality change (Psychotherapy and Personality Change, . 1954) and the therapeutic relationship with patients with schizophrenia (Therapeutic Relationship with Schizophrenics, . 1967) is a study of the therapeutic process,
. Although achievements Rogers welcomed colleagues, just after the publication of his selected essays in the book look at psychotherapy. Becoming Human (On becoming a person, 1961; rus. translated 1994) by scientist attracted the attention of a wide range of readers-lay -.

In 1960 Rogers became the leader of the movement, known as 'group meetings' (Group Psychotherapy), the movement of young people interested in the late 1960's and early 1970's for the alternative lifestyles. Among the major works of this period - Freedom to learn: a view of the fact, . What could be the formation of (Freedom to Learn: A View of What Education Might Become, . 1969); O group meetings (On Encounter Groups, . 1970), and become partners: Marriage and its alternatives (Becoming Partners: Marriage and Its Alternatives, . 1973),
Rogers died in La Jolly (pc. CA) February 4, 1987.

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