Allen Tate (Tate Allen)( American critic, poet, novelist and teacher.)
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Biography Allen Tate (Tate Allen)
Although some experiments with the Tate's poetic language give rise attributed his art to modernism, he still remained a southerner-'reaktsionerom 'in their views on contemporary culture, science and politics. As one of the representatives of the 'new criticism' Tate believed that the poem is a 'create text', not a way of shifting the 'appropriate' doctrine. His own poems carefully trimmed and represent a sample of the text difficult to built.
John Orly Allen Tate was born on November 19, 1899 in Winchester (sht.Kentukki). Educated at Vanderbilt University (BA 1922), where he studied with DK Ransom, wrote poetry and published in the journal 'The Fugitive'. Tate's views on society described in his essay Observations on the beliefs of the South, which has gone down in a book-manifesto farmers-Southerners choose their position (I 'll Take My Stand, 1930). Tate called back to 'private, self-sufficient, the very essence of spiritual life'. This credo thoroughly justified in his reactionary essays on poetry and ideas (Reactionary Essays on Poetry and Ideas, 1936), which show the disastrous consequences of rationalism to modern life. Second collection of essays Reasonable among insanity (Reason in Madness, 1941) contains a diagnosis of 'neglected diseases', namely, the worship of science and material progress. A writer in the modern world (The Man of Letters in the Modern World, . 1955) allows us to trace the evolution of thought Tate for a few decades, . especially expressively suggesting, . how it has affected treatment to Catholicism in 1950 (the famous essay on Dante and the imagination, . creates characters),
Tate's poems, written over nearly 60 years, speaks about his devotion to the requirements of form and tradition to. In Ode Confederates who fell (1927, revised in 1937) contrasted with the heroic past of the modern consciousness, absorbed himself. On the spiritual development of the poet can be judged by the poems of the later period, such as the soul in different seasons (1944) and swimmers (1953). The influence of the Tate on younger poets, especially in Lowell R..
Tate's only novel, The Fathers (The Fathers, 1938) is devoted to the Civil War, this story of a man, recalls his childhood. The book tells how to encourage the individual can turn the whole order of life in society, based on some kind of harmony between its members and on a sense of honor that distinguishes a gentleman. Tate died in Nashville (pc. Tennessee) 9 February 1979.