William Henry Holmes (Holmes William Henry)( American anthropologist.)
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Biography William Henry Holmes (Holmes William Henry)
Born Dec. 1, 1846, near Cadiz (pc. Ohio). In 1872-1889 he worked in various positions in the service of the U.S. geological survey, conducted surveys in the western states of the country. He continued to remain in public service most of his life as the lead curator of anthropology at the National Museum of the U.S. (1897-1902, 1910-1920), head of the Bureau of American Ethnology (1902-1909). In 1894-1897 Holmes was the lead curator of anthropology at the Field Museum (Chicago) and Professor of Geology, University of Chicago. In 1920-1932 Holmes - Director of the National Gallery of Art, president of the American Anthropological Association. Holmes died in Royal-Oak (pc. Michigan), April 20, 1933.
Holmes played an important role in the famous controversy about the possible correlation of American and European archaeological series, as well as the existence of a genuine culture of the Paleolithic period in the New World. Of particular interest he showed in the aesthetic side of those ancient cultures that are studied, many of his publications differ magnificent illustrations. Among his works - art-shells of the ancient Americans (Art in Shell of the Ancient Americans, . 1883), . The ancient art of the province of Chiriqui, . Colombia (Ancient Art of the Province Shiriqui, . Colombia, . 1888), . and archaeological research in the ancient cities of Mexico (Archeological Studies Among the Ancient Cities of Mexico, . 1895-1897).,