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Horowitz, Alexander Konstantinovich

( Hero of the Soviet Union)

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Biography Horowitz, Alexander Konstantinovich
photo Horowitz, Alexander Konstantinovich
(12. 3. 1915 - 6. 7. 1943)


Mr. orovets Alexander Konstantinovich deputy commander of the 1 st Squadron, 88 th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment (8 th Guards Fighter Division, . 5 th Fighter Air Corps, . 2-Air Army, . Voronezh Front) Guard lieutenant,
. Born March 12, 1915 in the village Moshkany now Senno district, Vitebsk region in a peasant family. Belorus. Member of the CPSU (b) from October 1939. Graduated from the 7 classes of secondary. In the summer of 1930 entered the College in Polotsk, but fell ill with typhus and was forced to return home. After recovery, he moved to his sister in Vitebsk. He worked as a fitter in the 2-m Santehstroe and simultaneously studied at the flying club. In the Red Army in 1932. In 1935 he graduated from the Ulyanovsk aviation school instructors Osoaviahima. Directed instructor pilot in the flying club shafts of the city of Rostov Region. In 1939 he graduated from the commanders of the links courses in Kirovograd. Upon returning to the mines became a flight commander, then the detachment. In December 1939 he was elected Shakhty District Council. Later he became chief of flight of the flying club. June 25, 1941 once again called into the army. He served as flight commander in the 20 th Military Aviation School of the initial training of pilots of the North-Caucasian Front.

H as the Great Patriotic War in July 1942. He fought in the 166 th Fighter Regiment (217 th Fighter Division, 4 th Air Army, the North-Caucasian Front). He flew fighter LaGG-3, then mastered the La-5. By July 1943 made 74 sorties, 10 air battles personally shot down 2 and a group of 6 enemy aircraft.

July 6, 1943 Guard Lt. Horowitz, AK. flew in the squadron under the command of VI Mishustin on patrol in the area Vladimirovka - Kochetovka - Zorinskie Yards - Olkhovatka. When the squadron after the job was returning back, Horowitz and his wingman flew V. Rekunovym Trailing. Suddenly they attacked a couple of "Messerschmitt". Covering lead, Rekun rushed to meet them. At this time Kovzan noticed a group of 20 enemy bomber Ju-87. Formed to supervise the plane Haravets apparently out of action and he failed to inform his colleagues about the appearance of the enemy. While're fighting the "Messerschmitt", he unfolded his fighter and one bomber threw himself at. They are primarily knocked flagship. Horowitz rapidly attacked the next enemy. He hit a short distance, drawing very close to the fighter bombers. Flared up in the air and broke into pieces the second "Junkers", then turn on the third. Build the Germans collapsed, they began spreads, and Horowitz, again and again boldly walked into the attack. So he shot down 8 enemy aircraft. When the ammunition was expended, he struck a screw on the tail of the ninth bomber. Returning to the damaged aircraft to their base, Horowitz was hit by an unexpected blow to the four enemy fighters FW-190. He began to maneuver and dodge enemy bursts, but the forces were too unequal. His plane was hit and went plumb to the ground. Horowitz opened the lantern ring and pulled the parachute, but could not be saved. The plane crashed into the crater of a large bomb and it was covered with earth.

Horowitz AK. - The only pilot, shot down a number of planes in one battle.

. W tion of Hero of the Soviet Union Alexander Konstantinovich Haravets conferred posthumously on Sept. 28, 1943.

. He was awarded the Order of Lenin, Red Banner, medals.

. Horowitz missing, while in October 1957, villagers Zorinskie Yards Ivnyanskogo area of the Belgorod region was not detected in the plane with the remains of the pilot
. Found with aircraft gun, a pistol TT Party ticket Б∙╖ 2682000, a tablet with a card, identity card, the letters are stored in the Central Museum of Armed Forces in Moscow.

Mr. orovets AK. was buried with full honors in the village Zorinskie Yards. In place of death near the 597-km highway Moscow-Simferopol, the bronze bust, and in mines in the area of Liberty - a monument to the Hero. His name is carried in the streets of Moscow, Belgorod, Vitebsk, Bahusheusk, Mines, Vitebsk Aviation Training Center, State Farm Senno district, Vitebsk region, schools and villages Moshkany Б∙╖ 8 cities Mines. Momorialnye boards installed in the mines in the airport buildings and schools Б∙╖ 8.


Biography provided by AE Melnikov

. ---
. Sources:
. 1) Aviation and Space USSR
. - Moscow: Military Publishing, 1968.
2) The immortal feats. - Moscow: Military Publishing, 1980
3) The Great Patriotic War 1941-1945: Events. People. Dokumenty.-Politizd.1990
4) The Great Patriotic War 1941-1945: Entsik.-M.: Sov.entsiklopediya, 1985.
5) The Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945: P-ref. Ed. MM Kir'yanova. M: P.1990
6) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary. V.1. M.: Voeniz.1987.
7) Grechko S.N. Decisions were made on the ground. - Moscow: Military Publishing, 1984.
8) Kozhevnikov, AL. Notes of a fighter. - Moscow: Military Publishing, 1964
9) Kozhevnikov, AL. Starts courage. - 3rd ed. - Moscow: Military Publishing, 1980.
10) Kozhedub I.N. Loyalty to motherland. - Moscow: Military Publishing, 1975
11) Krasovskii SA. Life in aviation. - Minsk: Belarus, 1978.
12) KREPAK BA, Krushinskaya, LA. In matches on vysote.-Minsk: Belarus, 1989
13) Wings of the Motherland. - M.: DOSAAF, 1983.

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  • 13 for Horowitz, Alexander Konstantinovich
  • mdaa .. impressive
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