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Evteev Ivan

( Hero of the Soviet Union)

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Biography Evteev Ivan
photo Evteev Ivan
(1918 - 27. 3. 1944)

And Van A. Evteev, sailor, anti-tank riflemen 384 th Battalion Marines (Odesckoy naval base, the Black Sea Fleet). Born in 1918 in. Vyazovka Tatischevskogo district of Saratov region. Russian. He graduated from the seven-year school and tractor. Prior military service he worked on the farm. In 1938, he was on the Black Sea Fleet, he served in the Maritime Border Guard, and then in a separate battalion of marines in the Odessa Naval base.

. Since the beginning of World War II until the day of death - March 27, 1944 - fought in the armies of the South, Crimea, North Caucasus, 4 and 3rd Ukrainian Fronts
. Participated in the defense of Odessa, Sevastopol and Novorossiysk, and the release of the North Caucasus, the Crimea and Ukraine. For the differences in the battles was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War, 2 nd degree (1943), medal "For Defense of Odessa" and "For the Defense of Sevastopol.

. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union Ivan Alekseevich Evteeva awarded posthumously April 20, 1945 for their courage and heroism in the landing operation during the liberation of the city of Mykolayiv.

. In March 1944, troops of the 3rd Ukrainian Front bridgeheads on the Southern Bug preparing for an offensive in the direction of Nikolayev and Odessa
. By the decision of commanders in the port of St. Nicholas before the operation was supposed to land a small detachment of marines. Marines were to contain the forces of the enemy garrison and to help the advancing troops from the front 5-second shock, and 28 th Army in the liberation, the city from the Nazis.


Captain commando team lieutenant CYP
. Olshansky of the number of volunteers selected for this dangerous operation 55 sailors 384 Battalion of the Marine Corps. Later in the detachment includes 12 soldiers had been one part of the 3rd Ukrainian Front.
On the night of March 26, 1944 from the area of the village. Oktyabrskoe paratroopers in boats on the Southern Bug got under way. A few hours later they entered the port, and silently removing the guards, took the elevator and the building of a new port, to adapt them to a circular defense. One of the groups housed in the silo, the other - in concrete shed, the third - a two-story office port. All these buildings were close and allowed to keep under fire the railroad, highway and adjacent to the port of the street.

Evteev took the position "a ground-floor office, prepared the anti-tank rifle, hand grenades, cartridges. He knew that to be fierce battle with the enemy.

At dawn the Germans discovered Marines. Bitter battle. But the first attack the Nazis were beaten off with heavy losses for them. Ivan Evteev three shots from broneboyki destroyed an enemy machine gun.

By mid-day the enemy pulled into the port area, three battalions of infantry, guns, mortars and tanks. One after another, followed the attacks of the enemy. Incendiary shells Nazis set fire to the elevator, and then the office building. Among the troopers appeared wounded and killed, but the sailors fought heroically. Evening in front headquarters, they sent the following telegram:

. "We, the soldiers and officers, sailors of Detachment Comrade Olshansky, swear to the Motherland, that the task before us, we shall hold office until the last drop of blood, sparing no life."

. The reflection of one of the enemy attacks on March 27 Ivan Evteev broneboyki destroyed by fire from an enemy tank.

. March 28, Soviet troops liberated the Nikolaev
. Our soldiers are seen near the elevator mountains enemy corpses. But great was the loss and detachment Olshansky: 55 paratroopers died a heroic death. Among them was Ivan Evteev.

. D APPLICABLE detachment, were regarded as heroic, and all 67 paratroopers were awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union.

. In memory of this feat of the Black Sea Fleet sailors, one of the squares of the city was named Nikolayev area sixty-seven of Heroes
. This area of the fallen sailors paratroopers monument.

1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary. V.1. M.: Voeniz.1987.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968

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