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KONEV Ivan Stepanovich

( Twice Hero of the Soviet Union)

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Biography KONEV Ivan Stepanovich
photo KONEV Ivan Stepanovich
(28. 12. 1897 - 21. 5. 1973)

By onev Ivan Stepanovich - Soviet commander, Marshal of the Soviet Union. Born December 28, 1897 in the village Lodeinoe now Podosinovskogo district of the Vologda region in a peasant family. Russian. Member of the CPSU since 1918. Zemstvo graduated from college in a neighboring village Pushma in 1912. 12 years working rafters forest.

Participant 1 World War II. In the spring of 1916 called for military. After the training team noncommissioned officer Konev was sent to the South-Western Front. Demobilized in 1918.

In the same year, 1918 was elected county commissioner in a military town Nikolsk Vologda. After that fought in the Red Army. Commissar armored, infantry brigade, division, staff of People's Revolutionary Army of the Far Eastern Republic.

. After the Civil War - Commissar 17 th Primorsky Rifle Corps, then the commissioner and director of policy, Infantry Division
. He took courses to improve higher nachsostava in 1926. Was a regimental commander and deputy commander of the division. Few years commanded the infantry division. He graduated from the Military Academy named M.V. Frunze in 1934. In 1938 he was appointed commander of the Infantry Corps, then commander of the 2 nd Red Banner Army, stationed in the Far East. In 1940, Б┴┬ 41 commanded troops Baikal and North-Caucasian military districts.

Great Patriotic War, Lieutenant-General and. S. Konev, commander began the 19 th Army. He commanded the Western Front (September - October 1941), which suffered a heavy defeat at Vyazma; from the court and shot saved Zhukov, Konev. As commander of the Kalinin Front, successfully operated during the counter-offensive near Moscow. In the battle of Kursk, the Steppe Front Konev liberated Belgorod and Kharkov. In 1944, Mr.. for the efficient organization and excellent leadership troops in the Korsun-Shevchenko Operation, which was surrounded and defeated a large enemy group, Konev was awarded the rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union (20/02/1944). March 26, 1944, Mr.. troops of the 1 st Ukrainian Front first came to the state border. In July and August they defeated Army Group North Ukraine Б∙  Б∙╘ Marshal E. Von Manstein in the Lvov-Sandomierz operation and seized the Sandomierz bridgehead, which became one of the springboards for attack on Hitler's Germany.

. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" Ivan Konev was awarded July 29, 1944, for his able leadership of the fronts in a large transactions, . which were defeated strong enemy, . personal courage and heroism.,

. In January 1945,
. our troops as a result of rapid attack and a bypass maneuver prevented the retreating enemy to destroy the industry of Silesia, which had great economic significance for Poland friendly. Konev's troops participated in the Berlin operation and in the liberation of Prague.

. In the Torah medal "Gold Star" awarded June 1, 1945 for the exemplary leadership of the troops in the final operations of the Great Patriotic War.

. After the war, in 1946, Б┴┬ 50 Commander of Land Forces and Deputy Minister of the Armed Forces of the USSR, . 1950 Б┴┬ 51 Chief Inspector of the Soviet Army Б┴┬ Deputy Minister of War, . 1956 Б┴┬ 60 1 st Deputy Minister of Defense, . Commander of the Allied Forces of the Warsaw Treaty,
. In 1961, Б┴┬ 62 Commander Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, then in the Group of Inspectors General of the Ministry of the USSR Oboroony. Member of the CPSU Central Committee since 1952 (candidate in 1939, Б┴┬ 52). Member of the Central Executive Committee in 1931 Б┴┬ 34. Member of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR 1 Б┴┬ 8-th convocation.

Hero of Czechoslovakia, Hero of the MPR. Awarded 7 Orders of Lenin, . Order of the October Revolution, . 3 Orders of Red Banner, . 2 orders of Suvorov 1 degree, . 2 orders of Kutuzov 1 degree, . Order of the Red Star, . medals, . Honorary nominal weapon Б┬  sword with a golden emblem of the USSR (1968), . and mnogimii foreign orders,
. He was awarded the highest Soviet military order of Victory.

Died May 21, 1973. He was buried in Red Square near the Kremlin Wall. Bronze bust installed in the home. His name was given to Alma-Ata Higher Military Command School, a ship MMF name Koneva named streets in Moscow, Donetsk, Slavyansk, Kharkiv, Cherkassy, Kirovograd.

. 2 ed. M., 1970
Notes Front commander, 1943 Б┴┬ 1945. 4 ed. M., 1985, etc.

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