(26. 12. 1916 - 5. 3. 2000)
By uznetsov Nikolai Fedorovich deputy commander of Squadron 436 th Fighter Regiment (239 th Fighter Division, 6-th Air Army, the North-Western Front) Captain. Born December 26, 1916 in St. Petersburg in the family working. Russian. Member of the CPSU (b) since 1940. Finished 7 classes and school trade schools, worked as a turner at the Leningrad plant named after MI Kalinin. In the Red Army in 1935. Graduated from the Leningrad school of aviation technicians in 1937, the Kachin Military Aviation School of Pilots in 1941.
. Member of the Soviet-Finnish war of 1939-1940.
. In Private World War II from June 1941
. Senior Lieutenant Kuznetsov N.F. particularly distinguished January 6, 1943. In air combat aircraft Kuznetsova P-40K was hit. On burning a Soviet fighter pilot fighting off the attacks of five German demonstration vultures went to the front. Dobit plane Germans failed: Kuznetsov burned, lost height, but leaving the Germans in one direction or the other, gliding through the air, and stubbornly dragged to his. When up to the front line was only nothing troika Messers "turned away and went, and two-man team decided to attack the Russian top, hit the booth to finish him for sure. Then Kuznetsov aircraft's nose lifted up and responded to the attack with all six guns, which was armed with a "Kitty Hawk", and he fell and landed just in German - and then, working control surfaces, a sharp dive down. Kuznetsov worked brilliantly - he cut off his propeller, more precisely, the tail broke off a fascist. German stone fell to the ground and in the same second burst. The blacksmith says, pulling on a damaged car to its, . felt, . that the fire is about proberetsya in the cockpit, . - Because of this he did not open the lamp, . afraid, . that is only slightly reveal lantern, . as the flame enters the cabin, . it proberetsya even through a very small gap, . and then everything - the pilot will turn into a torch,
. Reach out to the airfield Kuznetsov was unable. His plane crashed just beyond the front line. Then the pilot was able to walk about seven kilometers and fainted from exhaustion and loss of blood.
. And what was a hospital, a major operation and return to the system.
. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" Nikolai Fedorovich Kuznetsov was awarded May 1, 1943 over 213 sorties, 17 personal and 12 in the group shot down enemy planes.
. The war ended in Berlin, the Major, deputy commander of 67 Fighter Regiment
. In all he spent 252 air battles and shot down 37 enemy aircraft (with group wins). Took part in the Victory Parade.
Fter the war he continued service in the Air Force. In 1949 he graduated from the Military Academy of Frunze in 1956 - the Military Academy of General shtaba.Pri his active participation in the late 50-s БT early 60-ies created a detachment of Soviet astronauts and cosmonauts' training center was built. In 1963 БT 1972. БT chief Cosmonaut Training Center Yuri Gagarin. Since 1978, Distinguished Military Pilot of the USSR, Doctor of Military Science, Air Force Major General Kuznetsov - Retired. From memories of the Great Patriotic War Front on the ground, as well as books on the SP Korolev and Gagarin.
May 13, 1945 Nikolai Fedorovich was presented twice to the rank of Hero of the Soviet Union. Submission signed with. Rudenko - Commander 16 th Air Force, Lieutenant-General to. Telegin - Member of the Military Council of the Front and Marshal of the Soviet Union, Mr.. Zhukov. But for some reason the second star Kuznetsov did not receive. The story continued in 1999. Chairman of the so-called "permanent Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR" Soot Umalatova signed the charter of the title twice hero, and awarded the Star of the Hero of the low gold samples.
. March 5, 2000 Nikolay Fyodorovich died in Star City
. Buried in the cemetery of the village near Moscow Leoniha.
. Awarded 2 orders of Lenin, 4 orders of the Red Banner, Order of Alexander Nevsky, World War 1 degree, 3 orders of Red Star and medals.
. 1) Taran - weapons bold
. 2) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary
. V.1. M.: Voeniz.1987.
3) In Povolyaev. Fighter - Family 19/05/2000