Gregory the Theologian (Gregorios)( Christian speaker, Greek poet)
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Biography Gregory the Theologian (Gregorios)
Gregory the Theologian; Gregorios, saint, ok.329-390 gg. n. e., a Christian speaker, Greek poet. One of the Fathers of the Church, dubbed Cappadocia Fathers. Born in Karbala in Cappadocia. He studied first at Caesarea in Palestine and Alexandria (349-352 gg.), Then in Athens (352-359 gg.), Where he befriended the Emperor Basil and Julian the Apostate. After a brief stay in Constantinople, as well as in his native city (359-361 gg.) Withdrew to the wilderness, where resided with brief interruptions, until 364 g. In the future, helping his father, . Bishop, . in the management of the diocese, . in 372 he became bishop, and again removed in the desert (375-379 gg.), . where it called on the bishop's throne in Constantinople, . from which he refuses after, . as his candidacy was subjected to questioning at the Council of Constantinople,
Took control of the diocese in Nazianse (???) (381-383 gg.), And finally returned to his native Karbala, where he remained until his death, leading the life of a monk. - In a great literary heritage of G. With 45 speeches, 245 letters and poems, numbering together about. 18 thousand. poems. Subjects speeches defined theological and philosophical issues and current events, such as the anniversary of the consecration of bishops, the opening of the cathedral of Constantinople, and others. As he r. appears attitsistom, carefully avoiding forms, vocabulary and structures of contemporary language and enjoys classical Greek language, learned in a long period of training. Attitsizm this modified quotations from the Bible (which are contained in the koine) and religious discussions, which used a special theological terminology. He skillfully uses all kinds of style, depending on the subject or audience. Through speeches, Mr.. earned the title "Christian Demosthenes" or "Divine", and his sermons became an exemplary reading of the Byzantine rhetorical schools.
Letter G. (collected by himself) are short and carefully edited. Good letter, according to GM, should be concise, clear and simple. In letters to GM, most of them addressed to friends, sadness prevails. They are distinguished by the delicacy of expression and depth of thought. We find among them administrative, comforting, intercessory. Letter G. become a model of epistolary genre for future generations. G. was the first Greek poet, who freely used by any Foot. The first of the ancients he composes poems in honor of his mother, the first among Christians drawn to the teachings of the Stoics and the Pythagoreans, and wrote hymns to the dogmatic and moral themes. Largest poetry G. (numbering 1949 iambic verse) - autobiographical poem. G. changed the face of poetry in the IV.. In his work are embodied not only the changeable moods of a sensitive poet, but also the rich inner life of the believer and the scientist-theologian. Poems G. school were reading in Byzantium. G. sometimes attributed to the drama-tsenton Christ suffered.