BELSKY Tolstoy( One of the leaders of state security, the Commissioner of Public Security of rank 2)
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Biography BELSKY Tolstoy
Belsky Tolstoy (real name - Abram Mikhailovich Levin) (1889, World shtetl of Minsk province - 16.10.1941), one of the leaders of the state security, the Commissioner of Public Security of rank 2 (26/11/1935). The son of an employee. Passed the external examinations at the rank of tutor and apothecary (1908). In 1905-07 a member of the Jewish socialist party - the Bund. From 1909 he worked as a pharmacist. In November. 1916 drafted into the army, the clerk. In June 1917, entered into RSDLP (b). In 1917-18 he worked in Vileika City Council. Vaprio. 1918 transferred to the bodies of the Cheka and was appointed chairman of the Cheka Simbirsk. In 1919-20 he served as the front of the Cheka. On Feb.. 1921 envoy of the Cheka in the Tambov province. He took active part in suppressing Antonovsky peasant uprising, and to carry out punitive measures against the civilian population. Since October. 1921 envoy Cheka (GPU) in the Far East. 15/11/1923 - 17/2/1930 authorized representative of the OGPU in Central Asia, from 17.2.1930 - for Moscow Region. In August. 1931 relieved of his post and appointed a member of the board of People's Commissariat of Supply and early. General Directorate of the national power. But 25.7.1933 Belsky returned to the authorities and was authorized representative of the OGPU ps) Lower Volga edge. 4/1/1934 he was beginning. General Directorate of workers and peasants' militia OGPU (later - the NKVD) Soviet Union. This post Belsky held until 7/8/1937, at the same time being from 3.11.1936 to 28.5.1938 Deputy. Commissar of Internal Affairs of the USSR. He was a close associate and assistant. NI. Ezhova; responsible for organizing the mass repression and falsification of results of investigation. From 8/4/1938 to 1/4/1939 Belsky was the 1 st Vice. People's Commissar of Railways. This appointment was due, on the one hand, the fact that in those months, Ezhov began to be removed from the NKVD their appointees who served in the NKVD before his arrival, and at the same time - from politics I.V. Stalin's increasing control bodies in transport. In April. 1939 Belsky sent early. Construction on the railway Kartaly-Akmolinsk and 30.06.1939 - in 2,5 months after the arrest Ezhova - arrested. 05/07/1941 He was sentenced the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR to the death penalty. Shot.