BEAR Philip Dem'yanovich( One of the leaders of the state security)
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Biography BEAR Philip Dem'yanovich
Bear Philip Dem'yanovich (1889, d Maseevo Pruzhany county Grodno province - 27.11.1937, Moscow), one of the leaders of the state security. In 1905-17 he worked as a technician-builder in the town hall of Warsaw. In 1907, on the recommendation F.E. Dzerzhinsky adopted the Social Democracy of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania. Since March 1917 he worked in a shop in Moscow. Since May 1918 a member of the Control Panel of the Cheka, in Sept.. prev. Tula provincial Cheka. Since March 1919 a member of the Collegium of the Cheka. On 05.05.1919 before. Petrograd Cheka. At this time the offensive began on the White City, Bear, like other leaders of the city, panicked and confused. One of the organizers of the "red terror" in Petrograd, personally directed the suppression of uprisings in the forts of Kronstadt. According to Dzerzhinsky in Petrograd under the leadership of the Bear was "arrested and executed a large number of persons". 30.08.1919 transferred to the Western Front early. Special Section. In 1921, the plenipotentiary representative of the Cheka on the western edge. On Nov.. 1921 Deputy. prev. Moscow Cheka and the beginning. Special Department of Military District. Since early March 1922. Moscow provincial department of the GPU, before. GPU Belarus. Since 1926, the representative of the OGPU on the edge of the Far. From 8.1.1930 beginning. Leningrad NKVD. Nearest officer Dzerzhinsky and V.R. Menzhinsky campaigns dekulakization, persecution "political opponents". In Leningrad, led the arrest and expulsion of the supporters of Trotsky-Zinoviev opposition, repression against members of the "exploiting classes". Enjoyed the support of SM. Kirov. As wrote NS. Khrushchev, "he was, as they say, the closest friend of Kirov. Together they went to hunt, the families were friends ". According to the memoirs of contemporaries, was a nice man and love of life, arranged receptions, at which he sang a specially ordered from Moscow L. Utesov. When Bear was built in Leningrad "Big House" - the building of the GPU on Liteiny. Supervised activities of "twos" and "triples", involved in extra-judicial condemnation of arrested. As directed by the Kirov organized mass deportations to Siberia from Petrograd tens of thousands of "non-proletarian origin". After the assassination of Kirov 1/12/1934 dismissed and recalled to Moscow, and some time later arrested. Charged with criminal negligence and 23.1.1935 sentenced to 3 years hard labor. Sent to the Kolyma and appointed early. Southern Mining and Industrial Management Dalstroi. After the arrival of the NKVD NI. Yezhov in May 1937 launched a new investigation into the cause of the Bear, who was accused of involvement in the "Polish Military Organization". 7/9/1937 Bear arrested again. Shot in a specific order ". In 1957, case dismissed for lack of evidence, and Bear rehabilitated.