Licinius VALERY LITSINIAN( Roman Emperor)
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Biography Licinius VALERY LITSINIAN
Licinius, Valery Litsinian - Roman emperor in 308-324 years. Genus. app. 265 g. + 325 g.
Licinius was from Dacia and had long been familiar with the emperor Galleries, especially since the war against the Persian king Narses. Even then Licinius liked Galleries for energetic works and deeds (Eutropius: 10; 4). In 307 g. Galerius made his co-emperor Licinius with the title of Caesar, left him for the protection of Illyricum and Thrace, while he went on a campaign in Italy against the Mac-porch. Upon return to 308 g. he proclaimed his August and gave under his authority Retsiyu and Pannonia (Victor: "O Caesar '; 40). After the death of Galerius in 311 g. almost started a war between Licinius and Maximin, who ruled in Syria and Egypt. Troops of the two candidates met in Bithynia, but the emperors were able to agree on power-sharing: Licinius withdrew European provinces Gallery, and Maximin - Asian. In 313 g. Licinius went to Mediolan and married Constance, the sister of Emperor Constantine 1. Makvismin thought it time convenient for the start of the war and crossed with a large army in Europe. Licinius hurried back to their provinces, but because of the suddenness of the attack managed to collect only a small army of. Nevertheless, a battle not far from the Hellespont ended for him successfully. Licinius persecuted traveling in Asia, besieged Maximinus at Tarsus, and soon learned of his death. All the Eastern Province after it recognized its authority (Lactantius: 36, 45, 49).
. According to Victor, his greed for the money Licinius surpassed them all, he was extremely ambitious, was very severe and irritable, hostile to science, which, by their immense ignorance called poison and plague on society
. As someone born and raised in the countryside, he favored the farmers and rural residents in general, and the guarding of military affairs, strictly adhered to the ancient discipline (Victor: "The life and morals of the Roman emperors'; 41). On thrift he cared very peasant-style, but to their enemies was immensely cruel. In all his time in office was no limit to torture and executions (Victor: "O Caesar ', 41).
After the death of all the other emperors Licinius and Constantine were the sole masters of the Roman world. Despite similar properties, the war between them began almost immediately after the death of Maximinus and lasted for ten years. In 314 g. Constantine defeated Licinius at Ciba and away from him Dalmatia, Moesia and Macedonia (Eutropius: 10; 5). In 324 g. War vzobnovilas. Defeated in Thrace Licinius withdrew to Khalkedon (Victor: "O Caesar '; 41). Constantine pursued him and in Asia Minor. In the end, Licinius was defeated in the sea and land battle at Nicomedia and surrendered (Eutropius: 10; 6). Through his wife he gave Constantine his royal robes and abdicated. After that, he was exiled to Salonika, and after a little time Constantine ordered to strangle him (Victor: 'The life and morals of the Roman emperors', 41).