KRAMER Josef (Kramer)( Belsen concentration camp commandant who received the extremely cruel treatment of prisoners nickname 'Belsen beast'.)
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Biography KRAMER Josef (Kramer)
Kramer, Josef (Kramer), (1906-1945), commandant of the Belsen concentration camp, won the extremely cruel treatment of prisoners nicknamed "Belsen beast". Service in the concentration camps began in 1934. The first "experience" the work was in Auschwitz under the leadership of Franz Rudolf Hess and later "probation" in Mauthausen, Dachau and Birkenau. In 1940, Kramer was accompanied by Hess during an inspection trip to Auschwitz for the construction there of a new plant to produce synthetic coal fuel and rubber. In November 1944 he was appointed commandant of Belsen, where to March 1945 were around 60 thousand. prisoners. Allied troops who liberated Belsen in April 1945, found in the camp of the body more than 28 thousand. dead prisoners. After the war, Mr. Kramer appeared before the British military tribunal in Lueneburg, was sentenced to death on Nov. 17, 1945, and soon executed.