Philip II of France( The King of France)
Comments for Philip II of France
Biography Philip II of France
Philip II of France (the Conqueror) (21.8.1165 - 14.7.1123), . King of France (1180 - 1223), . Married: on 28/4/1180 at the Isabella d'Hainault Gennegau, . the second time since 14.08.1193 at the Ingeborg of Denmark (Ingiborge Estridsen), . divorced and retired to a monastery is literally right after the wedding, . third time since 1/6/1196, at Mary Agnes Meranskoy,
. The pope did not recognize divorce and third marriage of King. In 1185 as a result of four years of war Philip triumph over the coalition formed by Flanders, Burgundy and Champagne.
By arrangement with the father Baldwin VIII, Count of Flanders, Artois and gained the upper valley of the Somme - as dowry of his wife Isabella Gennegau. In 1191 Philip, along with Richard the Lionheart took part in the 3 rd crusade that did not stop them soon resume hostilities against each other. In 1199 the English throne John Lackland, . and Philip was forced to accept the fact of belonging to him Normandy, . Anjou and Aquitaine, . but later Normandy, . Anjou, . Poitou and Auvergne were ceded to France, . and John managed to save only part of Aquitaine,
. In 1213, John has created a coalition that included the Emperor Otto IV and some French aristocrats, but the victory won over them by Philip of Bouvines in 1214, ruined his plans and allowed the French to take a position as a leading European power
. Philip and his successors have benefited from in the Albigensian Crusade, during which in 1226 the son and heir of Simon de Montfort lost the right of French kings county Toulouse. Philip managed to collect a large treasury, and transmitted them to the storage of the Templars. He also in 1215 approved the Statute of the University of Paris