Michel Suleiman Nuhad( President of Lebanon from 2008)
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Biography Michel Suleiman Nuhad
Nuhad Michel Suleiman at least in official sources used by the French spelling - Sleiman, . Sleiman) was born November 21, 1948 in the seaside town of Christian Amchit (Amsheet), . 40 kilometers north of the Lebanese capital Beirut in a poor family's Maronite Christian,
. Father Michel - Nuhad Suleiman served in the Lebanese counterintelligence. Mother - Josephine Suleiman. Michelle wanted to become an engineer, but the money on expensive training in the family was not, on the advice of his father, Michel joined in 1967, a military academy in Beirut. He graduated from it in 1970 with the rank of second lieutenant. In 1971, six months, was trained at the Officers' School in Belgium. He commanded a platoon, was subsequently appointed commander of the company. In 1976, Suleiman returned to Beirut military school teacher, and not interrupting his military career, he entered the University of Beirut, from which he graduated in 1980 with a BA in political science and public administration.
. It is not known whether there was an active member Suleiman civil war in Lebanon 1975-1990,
. The General Command of the Lebanese armed forces had little in those years no effect: the situation in different regions of the country controlled by numerous armed militias, . which disbanded army, . as well as the occupying forces of Syria and Israel,
. It is known that in those years, Suleiman did not hold staff positions, was the battalion commander. Received military training abroad: from February to July 1981 - in France, from June 1988 until mid 1989 - in the U.S.. In 1986 he became chief of staff of the Lebanese 10 Infantry Brigade.
. Civil war in Lebanon ended in defeat for the Lebanese army commander Michel Aoun (Michel Aoun), who proclaimed himself president and wanted to expel the Syrians from the country
. October 13, 1990 Syrian forces attacked the presidential palace and forced Aoun to flee, first to the French embassy, and then abroad. October 13, Suleiman was on the side of Awn, and together with his brigade was in the building of the Defense Ministry in Beirut, but after the flight of the self-proclaimed president, was forced to cooperate with the occupying Syrian troops. Suleiman was appointed head of military intelligence Mount Lebanon Dec. 4, 1990. August 25, 1991, Suleiman became secretary of the Army Command. In June 1993 he was appointed Commander of 11 Infantry Brigade and was involved in clashes with Israeli forces in the demarcation zone in southern Lebanon. In 1995, Sulaiman was a commander in the U.S. monthly rate. Returning to Lebanon, in 1996 he was promoted to Major General and was appointed commander of 6 Infantry Brigade. December 21, 1998, Suleiman was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant General, . and the new Lebanese President Emile Lahoud appointed him commander of the armed forces of the country (according to experts, . for this purpose had a direct bearing on the Syrian side, and directly by the president Bashar al-Assad, . who began to supervise the Syrian-Lebanese relations,
. At that time it was not a very significant position, as the situation in the country controlled by Syrian troops and Lebanese armed forces were engaged in support tasks. It is believed that the rapid career growth Suleiman contributed to his wife's brother Gebran Kuriyeh (Gebran Kuriyyeh), who was press secretary of the Syrian President Hafez al-Assad (Hafez al-Assad).
. Some of the troops under the leadership of Suleiman with the armed wing of Hezbollah resisted the Israel Defense Forces, occupied southern Lebanon
. However, in January 2000, Sulayman, together with Syrian troops participated in operations to destroy the Sunni terrorist organization Takfir wa al-Hijra "(Takfir wa al-Hijra) in north Lebanon: it is, . that they could hinder the peace process with Israel, . that six months later withdrew its troops from southern Lebanon.,
. In 2004, Suleiman and his family tried to cross the border into France with a forged French passport in which his place of birth was listed suburb of Paris, Pontoise
. Passports helped make his assistant, who later assumed the head of the Lebanese security services. French authorities returned him a fake passport and banned entry into France. Suleiman later said he did not want to emigrate from the country.
. February 14, 2005 in Beirut, was assassinated former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri (Rafik Hariri), who after his retirement in late 2004, led the anti-Syrian opposition]
. Supposedly, the assassination of Hariri the Syrians were. In the subsequent "Cedar Revolution" led by Suleiman the army remained neutral and provided security for the rallies of both the supporters and opponents of the withdrawal of Syrian troops from Lebanon. Under U.S. pressure, Syria has fully withdrawn its troops from Lebanon by April 27, 2005, . the summer in Lebanon held parliamentary elections, . which won in force pro-Syrian supporters of President Emile Lahoud, whose term was extended for three years,
. After the withdrawal of Syrian troops, according to the anti-Syrian opposition, Suleiman has remained a supporter of Damascus and not interfere with the Syrian arms supplies to Hezbollah, which, after the Israeli withdrawal in 2000, controlled the south of Lebanon.
. In June 2006, . shortly before the war between Hezbollah and Israel, . military intelligence Suleiman was able to expose the network of agents of Israel, . builder of an attempt on the leaders of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad in Lebanon: the Chief Secretary of the organization, Mahmoud al-Mazhduba (Mahmoud al-Majdoub) and his brother Nidal (Nidal).,
. 12 July 2006 Second Lebanon War began between Israel and Hezbollah
. Lebanese army did not intervene in the conflict that led to the deaths of several thousand people, mostly civilians. August 17, 2006 by Suleiman peace plan proposed by the Government of Lebanon and the UN, posted a Lebanese military unit (15 thousand soldiers) in the south, controlled by Hezbollah. Eventually a peace agreement, and the strength of the army increased. After the end of hostilities Suleiman congratulated Hezbollah victory.
. In the summer of 2007 under the leadership of Suleiman Lebanese troops raided associated with al-Qaeda terrorist group Fatah al-Islam, whose center was a Palestinian refugee camp of Nahr al-Bared
. This operation is done Suleyman national hero.
November 23, 2007 after the end of his term retired Emile Lahoud. New President of the Parliament could not choose because of differences. Lebanese political field at that time was divided into two major camps: the supporters of the current pro-American government ( "Alliance March 14), . headed by the son of assassinated Rafik Hariri - Saad Hariri (Saad Hariri) - and consisted mainly of Sunnis and Druze, . as well as representatives of the opposition (the Alliance on March 8 "), . consisted, . mostly, . Shiite and Maronite Christian,
. Two of the parliamentary bloc could not agree on the future president, . which, . according to the National Pact of 1944 and the Taif Agreement of 1991, . distribute government posts among the participants of different faiths, . was to be a Christian-Maronite,
. Various parties Maronite Christian were included in both blocks, . In addition to Lebanese legislation the president should have been chosen by a qualified parliamentary majority, . therefore needed a compromise figure, . which would satisfy and that, . and other parties,
. Candidate from the Alliance on March 14 was a cousin of Emile Lahoud - Nassib (Nassib Lahoud) and Boutros Harb (Boutros Harb). Opposition candidate was Michel Aoun.
. In May 2008, this conflict is almost led to a new civil war, . when it comes to the Alliance on March 8, Hezbollah declared war on the Government of Lebanon after, . Prime Minister Fouad Siniora told the official television channel broadcasting ban Hezbollah "Al-Manar and removed from office for liaison with Hezbollah head security at Beirut airport Wafik Chkeir (Wafic Shkeir),
. Troops Hezbollah managed to occupy the western areas of Beirut. May 13 the army intervened in the conflict, which stopped the riots, speaking for the government. After the collision, causing the deaths of 96 people, the warring parties through the mediation of the Prince of Qatar met in the Qatari capital of Doha, where agreed, that the opposition will be granted the right to veto. Michel Suleiman is not part of the one nor the other alliance. Under the agreement in Doha on May 21, 2008 118 out of 127 votes as a compromise figure, he was elected president of the country.
. Suleiman took office May 25, 2008 and on the same day confirmed the authority to act, Prime Minister Siniora
. In his inaugural speech, Suleiman announced the creation of a national unity government in which Hezbollah has gained veto. The new government was formed in July of that year. After his election, President Suleiman called upon to remove from the streets of his portraits. In July 2008, he began negotiations on Syria's recognition of independence of Lebanon.
Suleiman is a Maronite Christian, but he opposed the fact that religion played a central role in the political life of Lebanon. Shortly after the election of President Suleiman, in northern Lebanon in the largest city of Tripoli has begun a religious conflict between Sunni and Alawite. Suleiman managed to stop the clashes, troops entering the city.
. July 18, 2008, Suleiman met at the airport of Beirut, Samir Kuntar (brutally killed three Israelis in 1980) and four other Hezbollah fighters, . exchanged for the bodies of two Israeli soldiers, . captured by Hezbollah guerrillas in 2006, . which led to the beginning of the Second Lebanon War.,
. Suleiman married
. Wife - Wafa Suleiman. In Suleiman's three daughters: Rita, Lara and Charbel. It is known that the brother of Michel Suleiman, Antoine (Antoine Suleiman) served as governor of the province of Bekaa. Native language Michel - Arabic, he also speaks English and French. Suleiman has been awarded the highest state award of Lebanon: Big band and chivalrous medal Cedar and the Order of Merit, 3rd, 2 nd, 1 st and "exceptional" degree.