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FORM Karl Ivanovich

( Architect)

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Biography FORM Karl Ivanovich
(1728, St. Petersburg - 1793, Moscow)

The architect and construction engineer. Since 1741 he lived in Moscow, studied at the 'team' and. K. Korobov (mastered his rational architectural techniques) and replaced him. S. Obukhov, in 1749 defined the architectural team of D. V. Ukhtomskii, in 1755 promoted to architects. In the 1760's - early 70-ies. was a leading architect of Moscow. Possessing all the tricks of the mature Russian Baroque, Blank also paved the way for early classicism, ensuring strict mass balance and elegance of decorative details. In 1762-81 built in the estate of Count and. L. Vorontsov street Rozhdestvenka Church of St. Nicholas in Zvonar. In 1761-64 the order A. P. Bestuzhev Rumina built-in vivid forms of the Baroque church of Boris and Gleb on Arbat Square (demolished in 1930), commissioned by Catherine II - Church of Cyrus and John Street Solianke (1764-68) and Catherine's Church on Bolshaya Ordynka (1766-75). In the temple construction form the basis of the classic combined with Russian traditions, combining a compact dome composition with a cruciform inner space. Expert on construction equipment, he fulfilled the floor structure Pretchistensky Palace (1774-75, architect. M. F. Kazakov, not preserved), in 1760-ies. developed and partially implemented its largest project - the Foundling Hospital on the embankment of the Moscow River, marked a shift to forms of classical architecture in Moscow. Played the role of 'consultant grace' in P. B. Sheremetev the construction of his estate in Kuskovo. There were suggestions that he is the author of number 22 on Pokrovka.





Biographies
  • Curriculum Vitae to. I. Blanca, a description and photo of one of his works on the portal "Culture of Russia".



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