Tretyakov Pavel Mikhailovich
(1832, Moscow, 1898, ibid) - the founder of the Tretyakov
Gallery. The son of a merchant guild 2-nd. Received a good education at home and worked for his father c, showed great capacity for work and gumption. Expanding the business of the father, brother, Sergei Tretyakov
, a cotton factory was built on the K-ryh worked ok. 5 thousand. people. Fascinated by the art, Tretyakov
began to collect Russian art collection of national. painting, using the advice in. V. Stasova, I.N. Kramskogo etc.. In 1874 Tretyakov
built for its collection of magnificent building, opened it in 1888 for free admission. In 1892 transferred the collection and the building as a gift to Moscow. Until the end of life at his own expense has continued to replenish the gallery and bequeathed the interest from his capital on the future of its completion, giving rise to the museum of world significance. In 1893 he was elected a member of the Academy of Arts. In a letter to his daughter Tretyakov
, wrote: "My idea was, from the very early years, ever after to ensure that acquired from the society would also be returned to society (people) in any useful institutions, this thought never left me, never in my life".