Habakkuk( The head of Old Believers, a writer, social activist)
Comments for Habakkuk
Habakkuk P. (1620 or 1621, with. Grigorovo in Nizhegorotskih predeleh "- 1682, Pustozersk) - priest, ideologue and one of the leaders of Old Belief. Genus. family priest. Early lost his father and pious mother brought. At 21, ordained a deacon, two years later became a priest in a. Lopatitsy in Nizhny Novgorod. Habakkuk had a powerful gift of a preacher. But, zealously correcting the morals of the congregation, caused general discontent. Continually argued with superiors. It was not just a bit, persecute and exile with his wife and young son. Seeking protection, Habakkuk went to Moscow, where the king's confessor Ivan Neronov introduced him to the king. Receiving support in Moscow, Habakkuk returned to the village, in a ruined house, but was expelled again. Inserted Protopopov Yurievets-Povolsky, but after 8 weeks, was severely beaten by the crowd for what restrain him priests and the women of "The Prodigal". In 1652 came a priest in the Kazan Cathedral in Moscow. When Patriarch Nikon began to conduct church reform, . Habakkuk opposed to "ogneopalnoyu jealousy" ( "Before we posited, . lie it is so for all eternity! "), . for which he was imprisoned in the monastery, . and then deported with his family to Tobolsk, . and thence the Daura (Transbaikalia), . where hunger and want from Habakkuk died two sons,
In 1663 the king summoned Habakkuk in Moscow, hoping to win over the popular enemy, and after the fall of Nikon archpriest greeted "like a angel of God". Emusulili position of the king's confessor and money, but Habakkuk without compromising their faith for "the sweetness of this world and telesnyya joy". Convinced of the intransigence of Habakkuk, the king banished him to Mezen. In 1666 on the church council of the rebel archpriest denied dignity and cursed. In response to Habakkuk proclaimed anathema bishops. In 1667 he was sent to confinement in Pustozersk, in place tundryavoe, cold and treeless ". 15 years Habakkuk lived in the wooden house, in an earthen prison, where he wrote some 70 works. Unable to teach and expose, Habakkuk asked the re-lit as the only affordable way to fight. Movement "split" has become a feudal protest and had many followers. They turned Habakkuk and his writings. He is author of "The Life" - the first in Russian. lit re-experience his autobiography, where the living spoken language describes his fate and Russia in the XVII. This masterpiece of world lit-ry often translated into European and Oriental Languages. Surviving Alexei Mikhailovich, Habakkuk asked the Tsar Fedor Alekseevich in bold petition, in a swarm-terrify her son beyond the grave torments his father for pandering nikonianam. And "for the great for the royal house of blasphemy" Habakkuk was burned in the wooden house with three other prisoners.