Anthony (in the world Ilarionov Andrei Shutov)( Old Believers Archbishop)
Comments for Anthony (in the world Ilarionov Andrei Shutov)
Biography Anthony (in the world Ilarionov Andrei Shutov)
(1800 - 81), Old Believers Archbishop. Born in an Orthodox peasant family. Then visit fedoseevstvo, was treasurer at the Transfiguration Cemetery. In 1850, Shutov left Transfiguration Cemetery in bespopovschinskuyu abode arranged in Prussia. In Chernihiv Sloboda, in Zlynskom bespopovschinskom monastery, Shutov took monastic vows with the name of a. The Prussian abbot of the monastery has a. unfriendly, and he retired to Austria. The White Krynica A. a soil oneself in clericalism and then, in 1853, the same elevated to Archbishop of Vladimir. Enoch Paul Belokrinitsky counted on the fact that for A. move into clericalism many fedoseevtsy; archdiocese gave a. in those species to subdue him Sophronia. Neither one nor the other had not been reached. Sophrony met A. as his personal enemy, and drew up plans for a special hierarchy, with the patriarch at the head. A. wrote the letter, which denounced the act Sophronia. Partly preserved in their old beliefs, but. forbade priests to bring to the liturgy of communion bread for the Tsar, demanding recognition of Habakkuk, Lazarus, Nikita and other holy martyr, made rebaptize infants baptized on some occasion of Orthodox priests. In the early days of his archdiocese A. opened one after another Diocese: Saratov, Perm, Kazan, Caucasian, Kolomna, Balt. In early 1860 he was named Archbishop of Moscow and All Russia. This desire A. the predominance aroused strong dissatisfaction. A. almost 20 years was considered the head of okruzhnicheskoy party, though not share the view expressed in the "Epistle" views (see. Belokrinitskaya hierarchy): he was always ready to abandon the "Epistle" and made repeated attempts to get this price with the world protivookruzhnikami. This was the reason for his long struggle with Pafnutii Kazan, the representative of the party okruzhnikov. On the life of a. before raising it to the bishops cm. "Memories" by Archimandrite Paul (first printed in "brotherly words" 1883, N 1; included in the 3rd volume of his "Complete Works") and the biography of Alexander, composed Onesimus Shvetsov (in "Word of the Brother", 1883, and 1898, II). "Letters" A. printed in the III edition of the Correspondence divisive figures "(Moscow, 1899). - Wed. M. Monastery Historical Review of Austrian priesthood after Ambrose "(Kazan, 1878); Professor. N. Subbotin, "History of the so-called Austrian or Belokrinitskogo priesthood" (Moscow, 1899); his "Materials for the history of the so-called Austrian or Belokrinitskoy hierarchy" (Moscow, 1899).