Bruce Roman Vilimovich( first Chief Commandant of St. Petersburg)
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Biography Bruce Roman Vilimovich
Born in 1668, education received at home and at that time is excellent, in 1683, Mr.. was recorded in the king's amusement, in 1695, Mr.. received the rank of captain and a company of the Transfiguration Regiment. In the same and the following years took part in the Azov campaign, and probably (not accurate), accompanied by Peter in his journey abroad (1697 - 98). In 1700, Mr.. was appointed colonel of one of the infantry regiments, which participated in the siege of Narva. In 1702, Mr.. was at the siege and capture of Shlisselburg, in 1703, Mr.. located in the capture of Nyenskans and the founding of St. Petersburg, and on 19 May next year was appointed to this capital, the chief commander. In the latter capacity, he has done a lot for your device St. Petersburg, making use of frequent absences of St. Petersburg Governor Alexander Danilovich Menshikov, and to protect it from enemy attacks. Incidentally, he described the three-fold attack Maydell Swedish general, who has decided to destroy the city stroyuschiysya (1704 and 1705), for which he was awarded the rank of Major-General. In addition, Bruce served from St. Petersburg with his troops to lay siege to the neighboring Swedish cities. This is his attempt in 1706, Mr.. master g. Vyborg, ending in a late time (the month of October), failure. Since 1708, when Moscow was sent to protect St. Petersburg Admiral Fyodor Matveyevich Apraksin Roman Vilimovich is the activities of his assistant. In the autumn of that year he helped Apraksin in the destruction of the expedition of the Swedish general Lyubekera sent by the Senate to reverse Stockholm gains Ingermanland and quite pregnant Petersburg, and in 1710, Mr.. (March to June) - the siege and capture of Vyborg, which was awarded for estates. July, August and first week of September was busy with the conquest Keksholm, which he managed to take the September 8. This feat, Bruce brought the rank of Lieutenant General, ended his military career, following years until his death, he devoted only a device g. Petersburg and occupations, paired with the rank of Chief Commandant. Appointed in 1719 a member of the military colleges, he briefly served this duty: in the next year (1720) He died on 53 year after his birth. Buried inside the fortress, next to the cathedral against the altar. Main monument works RV. Bruce at the rank of Chief Commandant, who survived and so far, there is a stone Peter and Paul Fortress, built under his leadership, instead of the old earthen. His promotion also owes its foundation first in St. Petersburg Evangelical Church of St. Anne. V. R.