Hermann Karl Fedorovich( founder of the science of statistics in Russia)
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Biography Hermann Karl Fedorovich
a native of Danzig, a graduate of the University of Gottingen, student and teacher Schlozer KI. Arseniev, arrived in St. Petersburg in 1795, as an educator of children of Count Guriev, former Minister of Finance subsequently. In 1806, Mr.. he took at the Teachers College Department of Statistics, which will continue to transform the latter to the University. Teaching it was interrupted by well-known persecution that broke out in 1821. over the four professors of St. Petersburg. University (cm. KI. Arseniev, Galich). Excerpts from student notebooks Runich argued that Herman to his lectures, puts blame Christianity, insulting the dignity of the church, the existing rule in Russia and in general the supreme power. Runich charges and expelled from the University of Herman, did not prevent him to stay in the Academy of Sciences, where he has since 1805, Mr.. was an associate and from 1836 ordinary academician. He was also inspector of classes in the Smolny Institute and the School of the Order of St. Catherine, in addition, . long served as chief of the statistical offices in the Ministry of Internal Affairs and contributed much to the development of statistical work in Russia,
. He also owned the first Russian theoretical work on statistics, inspired by the study Schlozer: "Brief Guide to World History of Statistics" (St. Petersburg, 1808) and "Universal Theory of Statistics" (St. Petersburg, 1809). Other writings and publications of Herman: "Statistical Journal" (4 h. Petersburg., . 1806 - 1808), "Statistical description of the Yaroslavl province" (St. Petersburg, . 1808 - personal research Herman), "The geographical and statistical description of Georgia and Caucasus, . of travel Gildenshtedta (St. Petersburg, . 1809 - translated from German), "Historical review of literature statistics, . especially Rossiyskogo States "(St. Petersburg, . 1817 - about this work cm,
. Bibliography, III, 756); "Statistical studies on the Russia Empire. CH. I. On Population "(St. Petersburg, 1819), articles on statistics of the marine, mining and military in Storch's" Russland unter Alexander I ". Excerpts from the lectures of Hermann, giving rise to the charges against him, published in "studies and articles on Russian literature" Suhomlinova (t. I, St. Petersburg., 1889). A. I.