Mengli Giray I (Mengli-Garay I)( Khan of the Crimean Horde)
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Biography Mengli Giray I (Mengli-Garay I)
one of the younger sons of the founder of the Tatar kingdom in the Crimea, Haji Giray (died 1466). The death of his father's throne was to pass to the eldest son Haji Giray, Nur-Daulet, but Mengli Giray after a long struggle established on the throne. It was not earlier than 1479 g, at the suggestion of VD. Smirnova. To protect their possessions, Mengli Giray has built a series of fortifications. He continually fought with Poland, Lithuania, Circassians, the Golden Horde. In the latter he pursued pretenders to the throne, Khan's sons, Sayyid Ahmed and Sheikh Ahmed, known in Russian acts under the name "children Akhmetov. These wars, especially as the war with Poland, brought together Mengli Giray and John III. The rapprochement began in 1474, Mr.. and continued until the death Mengli Giray. Only at the end of life, when he was already quite ill, his eldest son, Muhammad Giray, made an attack on Russian territory. Dealings between the Crimea and Moscow were permanent; Russian envoys almost continuously lived in the Crimea. Mengli-Gireyu ascribe agency Sana kalchi. By order of succession to indigenous Turkic Khan's authority passed to the eldest in the genus, with the establishment of the same dignity kalchi throne passes to the eldest son of the reigning Khan. Death Mengli Giray VD. Smirnov relates to 1515, Mr.. Dust Mengli Giray rest, along with the bones of his father, Haji Giray, in tyurbe built Mengli-Girei and which is now almost the only surviving monument of Tatar architecture in the Crimea.