Zurab Tsereteli( President Russia Academy of Arts)
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Biography Zurab Tsereteli
President of Russia Academy of Arts Zurab Tsereteli long and well-known, . as the creator of sparkling mosaics and enamels, . emitting light stained glass, . grandiose compositions of cast and chased metal, and at the same time, an outstanding artist-painter with a memorable and vivid style easel works.,
. More than forty years ago, swiftly and powerfully began his artistic activities, and the farther she goes, the more amazing it seems continuous improvement and expansion of the range of his work
. They're coming years, committed political and economic changes, replaced by a whole historical epoch - a titanic work of Zurab Tsereteli is continuing and is becoming bigger and stronger.
. Artist 'wins' town after town, one country after another, his monumental works appear in Tokyo and Brazil, Paris and London, New York and Seville
. His creative work acquires a pronounced global in nature, and at the same time, he always remained true to the national aspirations of the art of Georgia and Russia, which it raised.
. Zurab Tsereteli was born on January 4, 1934 in Tbilisi, the Georgian intelligentsia family, preserving the ancient traditions
. His father, Konstantin, is known in Georgia as a civil engineer. Noticeable influence on inquisitive and receptive the child had an uncle, brother of his mother's well-known painter George Nizheradze. In his house, where the boy spent much of his time, constantly visited major cultural figures, prominent artists - David Kakabadse, Sergo Kobuladze, teaching Japaridze and many others. They were the first teachers of the young men carried away the fine arts.
In 1952 Tsereteli enrolled in the Tbilisi Academy of Arts. He did not have long to choose a profession: calling early manifested itself, communication with the greatest masters approved it in the desire to become an artist.
. In those years, the Academy of Fine Arts in Tbilisi was one of the main centers where preserved classical art culture
. It was taught not only the already mentioned famous masters, but also a number of famous professors of the Academy of Fine Arts in St. Petersburg, forced to leave for the Caucasus. They conveyed Tsereteli Russia's rich tradition of artistic culture, preserved in their work since the 'silver age'.
. Especially significant role played in it Professor PA Charlemagne and VN Shukhaiev, masters of the classical image
. Thanks to their teachers Tsereteli was a great academic school, which has preserved all his life, despite the constant striving for creative research.
. 1958 is already in the issuance of the Tbilisi Academy of his attraction to the experiment, the desire to find new means of expression led the artist to a conflict with an official direction in painting
. His thesis 'The Song of Tbilisi', was applauded by M. Saryan, nevertheless, was not allowed to protect because of the 'elements of conditionality'. Tsereteli demonstrated another quality, which will pass through his life. Within days, he wrote for the diploma portrait of one of his friends, and was adopted by the Academy.
It is no accident the place of the first works of Zurab was the Institute of History and Ethnography of the Georgian Academy of Sciences. She opened before him an opportunity to explore folk art, get a taste of its brightness and the centuries, generations of masters generalized, images. This greatly helped the artist in his upbringing as a muralist.
Zurab Tsereteli began his work as a muralist in Georgia in 1960. Pitsunda master spoke not only the creator of some monumental works, but also was the chief designer of this huge complex.
. Together with the architects, they developed the concept of the whole ensemble - the largest in the Soviet Union of that era, . based on the interaction of dozens of diverse artistic elements both inside buildings, . and outside, . parks and the sea,
. A whole and bright artistic environment, not only decorative and rich, but also full of symbolic content. Creating such an environment will from now one of the basic principles monumentalism Zurab Tsereteli.
Advances in Pitsunda, largely determined the future direction of the master. Developing them, he created a beautiful mosaic of the Palace of Trade Unions and the restaurant 'Aragvi' in Tbilisi, firmly included in the history of monumental art of XX century. Here he was able to achieve genuine kosmogonichnosti artistic concept, widely using in the modern context of mythological images of folk art. This perfection of the mosaic, brightness and harmony of colors lends a significant glance at the world, expressed by the wizard.
In the mid-seventies, Zurab Tsereteli is finding new forms of mosaic art. In the design of the building and the Victory Park bus station in Tbilisi, he develops the technique of mosaic relief, . and creating monumental works for the Black Sea resort of Adler, he turns to the bulk mosaic, . making this technique in three-dimensional sculptural, . brought him fame in Russia, . and abroad, . caused the admiration of the famous mosaic of the masters of the XX century Mexican Alfaro Siqueiros.,
. In the second half of the seventies and eighties of the artist pays special attention to the work in the metal
. It develops creative techniques that allowed active use of large metal high relief in the architecture, both the establishment of separate buildings, and at the town-planning level.
. In this technique, they were filled multimeter stele 'Man and the sun' in Tbilisi, . Monument Mount Digomi, . also in the capital of Georgia, . A monument in honor of Special Olympics for disabled children in Brokporte in the U.S., . epic frieze hotel complex in Izmailovo, . erected for the Olympic Games in Moscow, . design hotel "Yalta" in Crimea, . Finally, . amazing for its artistic quality, . consisting of dozens of sculptures, . monumental composition, . surrounding the building entirely covered with mosaic artist's studio in Tbilisi.,
. One of the outstanding achievements of the master end of the seventies - early eighties has been the revival of the ancient technique of cloisonnц╘ enamels
. It was only possible thanks to many years of hard work, endless technological search.
It was a true creative application of traditional. Features antique enamels, with their clear, expressive outlines and iridescent glitter Zurab used in today's monumental art. We found ways to make a new scale compositions of enamel, they are first in the history of art became a means of enriching the artistic images of architectural environment.
. Simultaneously Tsereteli continued creation of stained glass, is also widely experimenting in this area
. He began to apply massive Sword glass - stained glass windows in the Palace of Trade Unions in Tbilisi and in the building of the Georgian Embassy in Moscow, . matt translucent glass surface, . sparkling, . festive sparkle large glass blocks - in the building of the Embassy of Russia in Tbilisi and in the Museum of the Great Patriotic War in Moscow.,
. In the late eighties and nineties the artist continues to work actively in the field of monumental art, and his works appear on the streets and squares of many cities in the world.
. In New York at the United Nations building, he creates a sculpture, symbolizing the victory of good over evil
. In the City of London gets his statue, dedicated to the changes occurring in today's world, marking the end of the Cold War - a composition of 'The man goes through the wall'. For five hundred years of America is constructing a master in Spain in Seville on a grand monument in honor of Christopher Columbus.
. In these studies focused his creative search of previous years, . but there were new features, . first of all - a clear desire of the artist's mark in full their ideological position, . that it was not the case under a totalitarian regime, . because it did not fit the dominant ideology,
. In his recent works meaningful concept becoming important.
Despite the resounding success around the world, major events in the works of Zurab Tsereteli committed in Moscow. His last ambitious work in the capital of Russia, are undoubtedly the main embodiment of the monumental art features of our era, the expression of that intense moment of history we are experiencing.
. Many artists had collapsed under the onslaught of time, Zurab Tsereteli, it gave even more strength and energy, indomitable creative passion
. It is located in the heart of the transformation taking place in Moscow, . and his monumental works that define, . How will history look at the capital of Russia turn of the millennium - the ensemble on Poklonnaya Hill, . Manege Square, . Monument to Peter the Great.,
. Rare tenacity and remarkable vitality felt in the monuments, sculptural compositions, interiors, created master
. His works are included in an assertive natural or architectural environment, . assume responsibility as the lead artistic themes, . stand bright colors, . showiness sculptures, . wealth silhouette composition, . distinct decorative, . clear's plan, . use of associative thinking, . mythology, . folk legends, . traditions of classical art.,
. His work is permeated with a sense of exultant joy of life, the belief that happiness is their own hands
. Probably, this inexhaustible optimism, this statement is being as a gift, most attracted to the works of Zurab Tsereteli. And today, people also need it joy, unconditional, open, sincere, which are imbued with monumental works by the master.
. An important feature of Zurab Tsereteli is its unparalleled creativity and creative temperament
. It does not apply to slow poetic natures, which are able to nurture the idea for years, sometimes never finding a way to implement it. For him it's just boring.
Obsessed by the desire to beautify life, the artist, as an athlete at the start, all the time in a state of full mobilization of its forces and capabilities. His ideas are inexhaustible. They appear one after another, consecutively or concurrently develop until it finds its completion, without any interruption to replaced by new ones.
Astonishing diversity polifonizm artist's. It is hard to think of genre and technique have them without trying. Mosaic, embossing, sculpture, sheet copper, bronze, marble, stained glass from a simple, split, or optical glass, cloisonne, work in the field of design and much more.
. He loves to learn new techniques, to comprehend the expressive possibilities of new materials, used in conjunction with traditional new tricks, reviving the lost, to seek a new junction on the types and genres of visual arts
. But most involved in its new artistic media, which he constantly comes up with, and if thought - then carried out.
. Zurab Tsereteli preserved for a lifetime love of large-scale compositions, organizing space, means different things in motion and forming a complex artistic unity
. His art nature merges with the architectural creativity, shaping the living environment. This is especially evident in his works in Moscow - at Poklonnaya Hill, Manege Square, a grand monument to Emperor Peter the Great.
. However, despite the fact that the artist's work is not bound within the existing borders, they clearly can be traced deep national roots, as Georgian and Russia
. In his work organically combine these two great traditions. They make themselves known, almost all the works, that certainly is one of the important reasons for their attractiveness.
These traditions are evident in every work of an artist, what would be innovative in design, the form and technique as it may be. The feeling of identity, fusing with the trends of modern art, serves as the foundation on which it develops and easel art.
. He creates a picture with almost equal tenacity, withdrawn into solitude, or struggling to plaguing his urgent matters
. A graphic sheets, great quality, it will create directly on the meetings, which have to be present at the celebrations during travel - always.
It is wrong to think that he writes in snatches. On the contrary, everything else recedes in a time when it appears in front of the canvas and paint. Strong hand, he does great, dark contour line, immediately and accurately convey the nature of nature. Long, sensuous, luscious fall under his brush color. After finishing one painting, a master seeks to immediately start another. Portrait replaced a still life, followed by a fantastic composition, landscape, particularly common - flowers.
Paintings and graphic heritage of Zurab Tsereteli is enormous. Nobody knows (even the artist himself), how many paintings he created for his life. They are overflowing its large workshops, exhibitions adorn many museums, galleries and private collections of our illustrious contemporaries.
However, each sheet counts. It seems that the master is not easy to part with at least one of them. He very rarely and only in very exceptional cases, gives his easel works and then only specially written for friends.
. It is safe to say that Zurab Tsereteli is constant and purposeful in its basic installations, in his exalted the active attitude to life, although his search for a better way to express their impressions and thoughts very versatile.
. He was always distinguished by the clarity and focus set themselves tasks
. Rhythmic and constructive organization tracks are always in his work and definite structure, even in cases where the depicted forms acquire the most bizarre romanticized image.
. Festivity, excitement most of his work, transforming them into valuable weave glistening patches of color, linked, however, not only from a purely artistic goals
. This feature follows directly from the major, perception of nature, characteristic of the artist.
Naturally connected with this feature and is the exclusive role played by color in the works of Zurab Tsereteli. Unlike those who by nature devoid of happiness to see color, and from those who see it usually humdrum, Tsereteli has the ability to coloristic vision. Outdoor space, people and things confronting him in a rainbow of bright colors, and it seeks to convey to us this tale.
Color becomes a significant vehicle for the transfer of space, rhythm, light and shade, finally, the forms. The main thing is that the color composition becomes a primary source of sentiment born baby picture. Artist as a thought in color, ensuring a high ability to find strong chords a color harmony. Its paint may sparkle, but can be restrained and refined.
. Characteristically, however, and that Zurab Tsereteli prefers open, bright, clear colors, ornamental its intensity, capable of declaring his optimistic sentiments.
. Portraits of Zurab Tsereteli, one of the most important parts of his work, is an extensive gallery of diverse, but each time those memorable
. When you think about these works, appear above all, a person, which the artist depicts a scale larger than life. In his portraits created by the color recedes into the background. The main role played by line, strong, often very broad, indicating the brink of forms, and at the same time is able to transmit black and white relations.
The wizard on the portrait resembles the minting of copper. It seems that the powerful blows, hammer, and not a brush, made prominent cheekbones, eyebrows, wrinkles her nose. The portrait becomes a 'physiognomic hyperbole'. Any one of those draws Tsereteli's monumental acquires a special character. It becomes even majestic, standing above the turmoil of life.
And at the same time, the portrait does not lose its distinctiveness. The artist is very accurately conveys the similarities, however, always look model bears relevance to her master. Most often, there appears good nature, sometimes tender, some banter, accents comic lines. Of course, this applies to men. For women manifested a noble courtesy. In the portraits, they are strict, decisive, kind, can be childish, or regal, funny - never.
. Artist as a surprised and pleased with their heroes and the audience how harmonious world works, how much it means to people, capable to listen to the symphony of the universe.
. So, Zurab Tsereteli, who began his artistic work a statement of local experience, being born in it a specific nature and people, pushing the scope of his work, including in their philosophical understanding of life
. But he also still drawn to the image of things and flowers, buildings and trees, people, mountains, seas - different scale components of the surrounding world.
. After elaborating his artistic relevance to many manifestations of nature and human life, he created his own style that matches his temperament and talent
. In his paintings appear bright, decorative and animated images included in the artistic world he created. He is constantly and steadily growing and becoming more interesting.
. All this completely unbelievable in its scale artistic activities Zurab combines with an equally monumental and extensive public activity in Russia and in many other countries and international organizations.
. In 1997 he was elected President of Russia Academy of Arts
. Before his conversion tasks become difficult for the Academy in all of Russia historic transition.
. Academy of Arts, based on the thought of Peter 1, in accordance with the decree of Empress Elizabeth, has two and a half centuries of its history
. Throughout this time, it provides carrying out state policy in the field of art: masters of cooking all the creative professions and maintained contact with them throughout their lives, . supervised the execution of major public contracts, . cared about the whole system of art education in Russia and the development of the science of art.,
. In the perestroika years, the role of the Academy has become less clear, something she has been weakened to the point where Tsereteli was elected its president, needed a new impetus for moving forward.
. Tsereteli as President primarily devotes much attention to preserving the traditions of the Academy, the revival of what has been lost
. In recent years, increased the prestige of Russia Academy of Arts, both in our country and abroad. This was achieved largely thanks proclaimed Zurab thesis of 'unity around the Academy of Art forces', which is consistently implemented.
. Also extremely important was the principle of the greatest possible openness, acceptance of many different and new directions in art
. The Academy remains committed to artistic values, and at the same time welcomes the bold and interesting looking. Tsereteli himself as the President seeks to encourage the quest artists as proper in the creative field, and technological experiments.
Under his leadership, is working on the development of academic art education. His system, which runs from primary school of art, a lyceum courses to high school preparation and then to the improvement in the workshops and graduate of the Academy - one of the greatest values of Russia's culture. It saved the tradition, but at the same time, new social conditions require changes, which are prepared with the direct participation Tsereteli.
. There is every reason to hope that thanks to Russia's art school will take its inherent prominent place in the world.
. The biggest thing the President and the entire Academy was the restoration of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow
. It is difficult to find an analogy to this grand venture in the world of artistic practice of XX century.
. For Russia, the revival of Christ the Savior meant a rethinking of the country's history, expiation of the people before God and himself, a radical transformation of values, the transmission of the development of the state and nation
. This began the restoration of important features of the traditional Orthodox world model, which came today in Moscow to replace the Soviet ideology.
. In this context, it becomes clear persistence with which the Russian Orthodox Church has insisted and continues to insist on strict adherence to the lost historical model
. Time due to this must be like to return to the era of greatest prosperity of the State of Russia in the second half of XIX century.
. It is important to note that recreated the building, seasoned Konstantin Ton in the Byzantine-Russian style, which expresses the idea of Russia's state and its role in Orthodoxy.
. Despite initial doubts about the feasibility of such a grandiose endeavor, it ended with the unquestionable success
. Cathedral its mighty structure strengthen the entire core of the city, found the lost ratio of the Kremlin area and effuse center.
. Recreating the artistic decoration of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior became one of the biggest challenges Russia's art
. And she was honorably fulfilled Russia Academy of Arts to the 2000 anniversary of the Nativity.
The artistic decoration of the church not only meets the highest esthetic requirements, but it was more durable than ever. It's no secret that in the old church lot had to restore it soon after its creation, the beginning of XX century. Therefore many were needed technological experiments, which insisted Tsereteli, the search for optimal solutions, which have borne fruit.
. During the recent hurricane has caused damage to many buildings in the city, in the Cathedral of Christ the Savior remained completely intact even grand crosses voznosyaschiesya over him
. Special tools provided by this work of Zurab Tsereteli, allows them to withstand the vibration amplitude in three and a half meters, almost - a hurricane of any strength. Here, recent advances have been applied aerodynamics to ensure the durability created.
Of equal importance were the choice of material for sculptures, impervious to the rapid degradation caused by the atmosphere of modern city. Bronze, . which, . by the way, . and has been included in the first proposals for the construction of the cathedral by K. Tong, . in the best demand, . that material, . from which the temple is being built, . was practically eternal and had a high plastic properties.,
. Organization of all art works in the Church of Jesus Christ and guide them - one of the largest, if not the most significant achievement Zurab and his enormous contribution to the revival of Russia's culture and its spirituality.
. He managed to make it part the best creative forces in Russia, and the work was performed in the shortest possible time and with the highest quality
. Coordination of nearly four hundred artists, many of their associates, contacts with the builders - all this was truly a masterpiece of organization of artistic work of such a grandiose scale without precedent. Rebirth of the Temple became a symbol of restoration and preservation of Russian spiritual and artistic traditions.
Also very important for the native culture was the creation of the efforts ZK Tsereteli's Moscow Museum of Modern Art. The need for such a large center, fixation and 'museification' most recent artistic searches had long existed in the capital of Russia.
. Similar museum has most of the major cities, . However, we have attempted action in this direction have not come to a successful conclusion, . while for the organization of the museum not undertake Tsereteli, . making in this project personal funds and art collection of XX century, . who collected all his life.,
. December 15, 1999 Moscow Museum of Modern Art, which is under the auspices of the Russia Academy of Arts, was opened to the public in a carefully restored house Gubina at Petrovka in the outstanding monument of the Moscow Classical
. His grand architectural forms emphasize the dignity of the extensive collections, both Russian and foreign paintings, drawings, sculpture, decorative and applied arts.
. ZK Tsereteli became the first director of the museum, which is developing rapidly, enters into a network of international cooperation centers of contemporary art and, hopefully, will be useful for the development of Russia's artistic culture.
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. Here's a only a brief outline of the creative and organizational activities of Zurab Tsereteli
. He constantly and works hard. Soon will his new works in various genres and forms of art. Major initiatives and suggests further development of Russia Academy of Arts, the oldest of artistic and scientific institutions in the country, experiencing an era of its radical update.
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