ASTAFYEV Peter Evgenjevich( Russian philosopher and psychologist.)
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Biography ASTAFYEV Peter Evgenjevich
Of the noble family. Born 7 (19) December 1846 in the village Evgenevka Ostrogozh County Voronezh. In 1868 he graduated from Moscow University. He taught philosophy of law in the Demidov Lyceum of Law in 1885 - the Moscow censor Censorship Committee. In the last years of life - assistant professor at Moscow University. In his philosophical and psychological writings Astafjev appealed to the spiritual heritage of Patristics, criticized the European rationalism, particularly the German absolute idealism, and various forms of influence on Russian thought the last. The main task of philosophy, according to Astafyev, - knowledge of the human person. Every individual, every 'I' - 'creativity', a unique moment of a divine plan, a unique monad, exists in infinite ways and links with 'countless myriads of' other monads. Astafjevs admitted that his monadology has as its prototype system monadologicheskuyu Leibniz. In Russian philosophy he liked the idea Slavophiles, K. Leontiev, panpsihizm AA Kozlov, personalistic spiritualism LM Lopatin, argued with Vl.S.Solovevym and Leo Tolstoy. In his psychological writings Significant number of the psychology of sex, especially women's psychology. Astafjevs died in St. Petersburg 7 (19) April 1893.