Pavlova, Anna Pavlovna (Matveyevna)( Dancer Mariinsky Theater.)
Comments for Pavlova, Anna Pavlovna (Matveyevna)
Biography Pavlova, Anna Pavlovna (Matveyevna)
Born Dec. 1, 1881.
In 1891, adopted at the ballet department of St. Petersburg theater, school (teachers AA Clouds, EO Vyazemsky, PA Gerdt). At the graduation performance came in the party Daughters butler in a specially staged Gerdt ballet "Imaginary dryad".
Since 1899 - dancer Mariinsky Theater. She made her debut in the same year in the Pas de Trois in "Vain Precaution". In 1906 moved to the category of ballerinas. In 1910 he moved to the position gastrolershi.
In productions M. I. Petipa, L. I. Ivanov and their predecessors was defined manifold opportunities Pavlova: musicality and psychological richness of her dancing, emotional efficacy game genre latitude range. Her performance in "La Bayadere" (1902) gave a second life image Nikia interpreted in terms of high tragedy, the spirit, was crucial for the stage life performance. The image of Giselle (1903) psychology treatment led to a poetic enlightened finale. Pavlova sang, where the classical framework, the nationality of the characteristic color. Incendiary, bravura dancing of the Spanish heroines Paquita, Kitri (both 1907) was a high read performance skills and style of his time. Has to own characteristic dances: panaderos ( "Raymond"), Ural dance ( "The ridge - Horse"), Spanish Dance (Nutcracker), Bacchante ( "Four Seasons"),. With innovative search choreographer A. A. Gorski, who aspired to the dramatization of ballet steps, linked to the repertoire of Pavlova Kitri and BintAnty ( "Pharaoh's Daughter"). The last she first sang at the Bolshoi Theater (1906), and then danced Aspichchii in the traditional formulation of the same ballet on the stage in St. Petersburg
. Pavlova played an important role in the reforms of Mikhail Fokine as the first performer of the major parties to set up his ballets: "Grapevine" (1906), . "Eunice" (1907 Act, . then Eunice), . "Les Sylphides", . "Le Pavillon d'Armide" (both 1907; Armida), . "Egyptian Nights" (1908, . Berenice),
. They appeared inspiring psychology and musical artist. The central values of the creative union Pavlova and Fokine were works where dance is subordinate spiritual and expressive purpose: "Les Sylphides", "Swan" to music. K. Saint-Saens (1907, later called "The Dying Swan"), which became a poetic symbol of Russian choreography of this era. Paying tribute to innovation Fokine, Pavlova still kept devotion Russian ballet classics.
From 1908 toured abroad. In 1909 - a prominent member of Russian seasons in Paris, which launched its world-wide fame. In 1910 he established his own troupe, which performed a triumphant success in many countries.
At the Mariinsky Theater, Anna Pavlova last performed in the party oath in 1913, the last tour ballerina in Russia held in Moscow in the Mirror Garden Theater of the Hermitage "(1914).
Pavlov remained in the tour repertoire includes the ballets of Tchaikovsky and Glazunov, "Vain Precaution," "Giselle, Coppelia, Paquita, as well as concert numbers. Her troupe has Russian choreographers and dancers are predominantly Russian, . with them to create new choreographic miniatures: "Night" and "Valse Caprice" to music by Anton Rubinstein, . "Dragonfly" to music by F. Kreisler, . "California Poppy" to music by Tchaikovsky,
. Fokin, especially for Pavlova's troupe set in 1913 "Prelude" to the music of Franz Liszt and the "Seven daughters of the Mountain King" to the music of AA Spendiarova.
Creative image Pavlova formed on the Russian stage. In his numerous concert rooms, it relied primarily on the traditions of national art. Thank Pavlova became legendary. Her selfless service to the dance has aroused worldwide interest in choreography and gave impetus to the revival of foreign ballet.
Shot in the feature film "La Muette de Portici" in the role of Fenella (1915, USA), captured in 1924 in Hollywood, the miniatures in the execution Pavlova came to the film "Immortal Swan" (1956).
Pavlova are devoted to ballet "My Pavlova" (choreographer R. Petit), artistic movie "Anna Pavlova" (1983), documentary film "Anna Pavlova".
Anna Pavlova died on January 23, 1931.