Vaughan Williams, Ralph (Vaughan Williams Ralph)( English composer.)
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Biography Vaughan Williams, Ralph (Vaughan Williams Ralph)
Born in the village of Daun-Ampni (Gloucestershire) 12 October 1872. He received his musical education at Trinity College at Cambridge University (Bachelor of Music - in 1894, doctors - in 1901) and at London's Royal College of Music, took lessons from M. Bruch in Berlin and Maurice Ravel in Paris. After the First World War, Vaughan-Williams taught composition at the Royal College of Music, and continued this work until 1940. In 1935 he received the Order of Merit, while avoiding the official awards, preferring to maintain his characteristic independence of thought and expression. In addition to teaching, leadership choruses (mostly amateur) and participation in the jury of music festivals, Vaughan Williams dedicated all his time to composition and to the end of different creative activity. Vaughan Williams died in London on August 26, 1958.
In the early 20 in. Vaughan Williams expressed interest in English folklore, and it is not quenched attraction is largely defined his style. For all its soil "Vaughan Williams was a bold experimenter. His orchestral letter has evolved to a greater intensity in the later writings. He left a significant legacy in all major genres, with the exception of chamber and piano. Richness of imagery differ his 10 symphonies, among which can be considered a real masterpiece of the Sixth Symphony (1948). He has worked extensively in the areas of spiritual and choral music, major works - the Mass in G minor (1923), . Holy deg (Sancta civitas, . 1926), . Five Tudor Portraits (Five Tudor Portraits, . 1936), . п?я?пЇя?п?п? Serenade (Serenade to Music, . 1938) and today (This Day, . 1954),
. Less successful were staging works Vaughan Williams, although in the operas in Love, Sir John (Sir John in Love, 1929) and Pilgrim (The Pilgrim's Progress, 1951) contains many beautiful, expressive music.