Granville Woods (Woods Granville)( The American inventor.)
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Biography Granville Woods (Woods Granville)
Born April 23, 1856 in Columbus (pc. Ohio). Worked with 10 years - first in the machine shop, then a fireman and machinist on the railroad in Missouri, then - on the mill. From 1876 to 1878 he studied electrical and mechanical engineering in college eastern states. Worked as an engineer on the railroad Cincinnati.
Woods received the first patent in 1884 for the invention of the steam boiler furnace of special devices. In 1885 he invented the 'telegrafoniyu' - a system that enables users to hear of the telegraph lines. In 1887 patented the induction telegraph for sending or receiving messages from the moving train. Among his other inventions - electromechanical and electromagnetic brake for railways (1887), . roller upper current collector for electric trams from the catenary (1888), . fuse to prevent electrical accident at casual touch to the contact wire (1889),
. Subsequently, Woods sold his patents to 'General Electric' and other large corporations.
After moving to New York in the early 1890's, the Woods, along with his brother patented a system of emergency braking and devices for electric power from the third rail contact. Woods also belong to the invention the device for a smooth reduction of lighting in the auditorium, the regulator speed motor (1896) and an incubator for poultry (1900). Woods died in New York on January 30, 1910.