John Curtin (Curtin John)( Prime Minister of Australia.)
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Biography John Curtin (Curtin John)
Born in Kresvike (pc. Victoria) January 8, 1885. In 1911-1915 he was the Secretary of the Union of Victoria lumberjacks and editor of 'Vestralien Worker' ( 'Westralian Worker') in Perth from 1917-1928. In 1928 he was elected to parliament on the list of the Liberal Party. During the First World War, spoke out against the general mobilization. He was a delegate to the International Conference of Trade Unions (1924), a member of the Commission on the distribution of benefits to poor families (1927-1928) and representative of the Western Australian Commission on public subsidies (1933-1935). In 1928-1931 and 1934-1945 Curtin - a member of the federal House of Representatives. He became Labor leader in 1935. Supported the participation of Australia in World War II. In October 1941, became Prime Minister and Minister of Defense. Support was also the elections in August 1943. After the entry of Australia into the war held a general mobilization, withdrew troops from the Middle East, conducted joint operations with the U.S. against the Japanese. Curtin died in Canberra on July 5, 1945.