Colin Powell (Powell Colin)( U.S. Secretary of State.)
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Biography Colin Powell (Powell Colin)
Born in the Bronx (New York) April 5, 1937 in a family of immigrants from Jamaica. He studied at City College in New York. Member of the fighting during the Vietnam War. He studied at George Washington University. In 1970-1980-ies moved up the ladder of the military hierarchy, he worked in the Ministry of Defense, in 1983 became Assistant Secretary of Defense C. Weinberger. In 1986 he was appointed deputy director of the National Security Council, and in November 1987, President Ronald Reagan appointed him to the post of National Security Advisor. After the end of Reagan's term in office Powell returned to the army and served as commander of the district in Georgia, but already in August 1989, President George W. Bush nominated him to the post of chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. When Powell was successfully carried out an operation to overthrow Manuel Noriega, the U.S. won the war in the Persian Gulf 1990-1991. Powell played a pivotal role in the negotiations with the military junta in Haiti, thanks to his power in the country managed to restore the legitimately elected President Jean Bertrand Aristide. Contrary to expectations, Powell announced in November 1995 that he would not participate in the presidential campaign, 1996. Then he first declared their allegiance to the Republican Party. Nevertheless, in 1997, Powell has supported a number of questions to President Clinton, in particular, urged the Senate to ratify a multilateral treaty banning chemical weapons. In 2001, after winning the presidential election, George W. Bush, Powell became the new cabinet post of Secretary of State (Foreign Minister).